Thames River Basin

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  • Created by: DK Muggz
  • Created on: 13-05-16 08:16
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  • Thames River Basin
    • Residential development
      • good potential for trade and communications
      • settlements built on raised ground in order to reduce flood risk
      • conflict involving the increase in the demand for housing
        • due to more jobs, more people
      • supply of drinking water
      • flat sites for residential and industrial development
    • Industrial development
      • large scaled industries; car manufacturing and iron and steel works, are located on floodplains
        • water for cooling purposes
        • land is cheap
        • river used for trade
          • allows import and export of raw materials and finished goods
      • allows import and export of raw materials and finished goods
      • areas containing chalk, limestone, sand and gravel create opportunities for mineral extraction
    • Water supply
      • supply for industrial uses
      • Thames: 4700 million litres of water abstracted
        • supply for industrial uses
        • over abstraction has lead to disastrous effects
          • five rivers have low flow conditions
        • demand has increased by 1.7% per year
          • losses through leaks from distribution systems and consumers plumbing
          • development pressure and economic activity
          • population growth and household size
          • use for water in home and garden
      • supply for agricultural
        • Thames: 4700 million litres of water abstracted
          • over abstraction has lead to disastrous effects
            • five rivers have low flow conditions
          • demand has increased by 1.7% per year
            • losses through leaks from distribution systems and consumers plumbing
            • development pressure and economic activity
            • population growth and household size
            • use for water in home and garden
    • Transportation and trade
      • creates jobs in transport, storage, logistics
        • cumulative causation - demand for housing, retail, healthcare, education
          • the more trade there is, the more jobs are created
    • Recreation and leisure
      • fishing
      • rowing
      • swimming
      • canoeing
      • sailing
      • the valleys of the Cherwell and Thames
        • farmland
        • sports ground
        • the city's botanical gardens
    • Agriculture
      • arable farming in the lower valley and pastaral more suitable in the upper course
      • lower valley is attractive to farmers as there is a large (good) supply of water
      • the arable farming is getting close to wealthy urban markets
    • Energy deveolpment
      • waste incinerators - energy
      • not used for HEP as it is not steep enough
    • Thames Gateway
      • caused conflict
        • demand for more housing
          • build homes on stilts and roads on embankments above flood level
          • 120,000 homes
        • contains important ecological areas e.g. wetlands
      • regeneration scheme
      • proposed development in the Thames Gateway in areas largely at risk of tidal flooding
      • forecast housing growth of 300,000
      • employment growth of 300,000
      • develop brownfield sites
    • Flood defences
      • protects over 420,000 homes
      • beyond 2030, the barrier will need upgrading, estimated £4 billion
        • February 2016 flood levels 12cm off top of gate
          • needs upgrading now, not in 2030
    • Conservation
      • saltmarsh and mudflats home to birds
      • Thames Estuary and Marshes, special protection area (SPA)/ Ramsar site
      • many SSSI

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