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What was the Easter Rising?
The Easter rising was an
insurrection in Ireland during
Easter week by Irish Republicans
against British rule. Members of
the Irish volunteers seized key
locations around Dublin and
proclaimed an Irish Republic
free from Britain. The rising was
suppressed after seven days of
fighting and its leaders where
executed but it succeeded in
bringing physical force back to
the forefront of Irish politics…read more

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The Irish Republican
Brotherhood (IRB)
John O'Mahony and James
Stephens founded the I.R.B.
in 1858. Their goal was to
make Ireland its own
country. People from the I.R.
B. otherwise known as the
Fenians, had scheduled an
unsuccessful rebellion in
While they were defeated
they still managed to be a
secret society.
They often disagreed but
they still planned the Rising.
Organised by the Military
Council of the IRB, the Rising
lasted from Easter Monday
24 April to 30 April 1916.…read more

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The Irish Volunteers
In November 1913 the Irish
Volunteers were formed. In July
and August 1914 two ships
landed in Howth and Kilcoole,
full of guns and arms. When
World War 1 started the
Volunteers split up into two
groups. John Redmond pledged
his loyalty to that of the Crown
and led the National Volunteers,
who went to the trenches to
fight with Britain to help
Belgium, while Eoin MacNeill
stayed with the Irish Volunteers
in Ireland.…read more

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Irish Citizen Army
James Connolly formed the Irish
Citizen Army to protect workers
in 1913. Slowly they became
armed with guns. Since World
War 1 had started, the Irish
Citizen Army and the Volunteers
began to get closer because
they had the same goal ­ to get
independence for Ireland. In
1916 they fought together in the
Easter Rising.…read more

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Planning the Rising
The I.R.B began to plan for the Rising. Joseph Plunkett, Patrick Pearse
and Eamonn Ceannt, who were later joined by Seán Mac Dermott,
Thomas Clarke, Thomas Mac Donagh and James Connolly secretly wrote
the plans for the rising. These men were to sign the proclamation.
Easter Sunday 1916 was the date they set for the rising. The Irish
Volunteers had disagreements. Eoin MacNeill did not want a rebellion
as he felt the conditions were not right. Roger Casement went to
Germany to get guns and bombs. The German ship, the `Aud' arrived off
the coast of Kerry on Holy Thursday with a cargo of 20,000 rifles and 10
machine guns, but the British stopped the ship and the guns were sunk
with the ship. When Eoin MacNeill heard of the plans for the rising he
cancelled all plans. The rising was still to go ahead on Monday after
Thomas Mc Donagh wrote a letter saying so. With lack of planning and
organisation as well as O'Neill's lack of support many risings outside
Dublin failed to materialise.…read more

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