First 191 words of the document:
Douglas McGregor, an American social psychologist, whom proposed his
famous XY theory in his book 'The Human Side Of Enterprise'. Theory x and
theory y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and
motivationMcgregor's XY Theory remains a valid basic principle from which
to develop positive management style and techniques. McGregor's XY
Theory remains central to organizational development, and to improving
McGregor's XY theory is a salutary and simple reminder of the natural
rules for managing people, which under the pressure of daytoday
business are all too easily forgotten.
McGregor's ideas suggest that there are two fundamental approaches to
managing people. Many managers tend towards theory x, and generally get
poor results. Enlightened managers use theory y, which produces better
performance and results, and allows people to grow and develop.
McGregor's ideas significantly relate to modern understanding of the
Psychological Contract, which provides many ways to appreciate the
unhelpful nature of XTheory leadership, and the useful constructive
beneficial nature of YTheory leadership.