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The Odyssey: analysis 5.3.12
The Odyssey: analysis (books 4-12 and 18-22)
Book Five ­ Calypso
Calypso lived in Ogygia, an island. He stayed there for 7 years.
Characters involved
Odysseus ­ We find him crying on the shores of Ogygia after spending 7 years there being treated
as the Husband of Calypso
[Wily Odysseus, The ready-witted Odysseus, Patient good Odysseus]
Can be seen as unfaithful but at that time it was acceptable for men to sleep with
many women .…read more

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The Odyssey: analysis 5.3.12
in the water after leaving Calypso's island. A huge part of Odysseus' difficult journey,
without him, Odysseus could have made it back much earlier.
Ino ­ a nymph, likes to help others who need it. Odysseus would probably have died without her
[Of the slim ankles]
Was neutral towards Odysseus but helped him because he's a winner. The Gods only help
those who are favoured. He would have died without her enchanted veil to protect him. She
saved his life.…read more

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The Odyssey: analysis 5.3.12
Book Six ­ Nausicaa
Odysseus lands in Scherie in the land of the Phaecians ­ (isolated but favoured by the gods). They used to
live in Hypereie next to the Cyclopes. He stays here for about a month
Characters involved
Nausicaa ­ Courageous because she did not run when her handmaidens did at the sight of
Odysseus (maybe because Athena drained the fear from her limbs?). The daughter of the King
Alcinous.…read more

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The Odyssey: analysis 5.3.12
6) Athena helps Odysseus seem taller and sturdier, and gave him bushier hair.
7) Nausicaa is willing to help Odysseus, telling him to walk with her maidens as they walk into town.
She wants to avoid gossip: This is her reason.…read more

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The Odyssey: analysis 5.3.12
Book 8 ­The Phaeacian Games
Characters involved
Democodus ­ palace bard (like Homer?), he is well respected amongst the people.…read more

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The Odyssey: analysis 5.3.12
Book 9 ­ Cyclops
Troy was also called Ilium. The Cicones lived in Ismarus. The Achaeans (Odysseus and his men) came from
Mini Episodes
1. Cicones (Overnight pillaging)
2. Lotus Eaters (A few hours)
3. Cyclops (Several days)
Characters involved
Odysseus ­ [Son of Laertes]
King Alcinous ­ [king of admiration of men]
Laertes ­ Odysseus' father, King of Ithaca
Cicones ­ Faithful and loyal to come to their neighbour's side to help against the invaders.…read more

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The Odyssey: analysis 5.3.12
d. Odysseus sends some of his men inland to find out information about its inhabitants. The
Lotus-eaters offered them some lotus, they have some. Odysseus' men had to forcefully
return them to the ship having to bind them to the ship
e. Next, they then landed on an island close to the land of the Cyclops. They hunted goats at
dawn. Odysseus then wished to investigate what type of men lived across the bay.
f.…read more

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The Odyssey: analysis 5.3.12
Liked for a month, and then disliked because he was convinced that Odysseus' return
was a sign that the gods absolutely hated him. He tried to help, but Odysseus' men
ruined it by opening the bag of winds. All-in-all a very good guy, but is a heavily
fearful of the gods.
Circe ­ A sorceress who at first tried to turn Odysseus and his men into pigs, but was tricked
by Odysseus to return them to men after swearing an oath.…read more

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The Odyssey: analysis 5.3.12
8) When Odysseus returned to his ship to get all his men back to Circe's house. He and his men stayed
on that island for a year (although Circe has charmed od. Into thinking that time was passing much
more slowly).
9) Then one of his men asked to go home, and so Odysseus begged Circe to let them go home. She
told him to go to the Underworld first to seek the advice of Tiresias first.…read more


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