Deindividuation Revision Notes

For unit 3 aqa a but could be helpful across the boards. Condensed notes with pictures that managed to get me an A - message me if you have any questions!

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  • Created on: 14-03-13 12:03
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Based LeBon theory that an individual is transformed in a crowd.
The combination of anonymity, suggestibility and contagion means that the
`collective mind' takes over the person. They lose selfcontrol and often go
against their personal/social norms.
It is a psychological state ­ it leads to lowered selfevaluation and
decreased concerns of others evaluating them.
This state is aroused in a large crowd. Zimbardo said a crowd can
diminish awareness of own individuality. In a large group the greater the
anonymity (each person is faceless).
Factors that contribute to the state drugs & alcohol + anonymity.
The focus of this theory is on antisocial behaviour.
Mullen ­ 60 lynching's in US. 18991946. The more in the crowd the
greater the savagery.
Zimbardo ­ Groups of 4 female undergraduates. ½ had lab coats with a
hood to cover face and were never referred to by name they were
addressed as a group. ½ had normal clothing with large name tag and
were given instructions individually. Required to gives shocks to another
student to `aid learning'. 1st group shocked for twice as long.

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Rehm ­ German children playing handball. Those wearing orange
uniform compared to normal clothes played more aggressively.
Pottes & Spears ­ 60 studies saying insufficient support. Disinhibition and
behaviour not common in large groups. No evidence to show that the person
gets lowered selfesteem etc.
Reductionist ­ theory fails to take biology as a factor in to
consideration. The diathesis stress model would be better.
Gender ­ aggression was only obtained in all male groups so theory
cannot be generalised to women (Cannavale).…read more


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