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Crime and
GCSE AQA Sociology…read more

Slide 2

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What is the difference between
crime and deviance?
Crime- An illegal act which is punishable by law
Deviance- Behaviour which does not conform to society's
norms and rules
Deviance does not have to be illegal for example, somebody
tattooing their entire body is not illegal but is seen as deviant.
Deviance does not depend on the act but rather the social
setting e.g. A small child running around on a beach
undressed is seen as acceptable whereas a middle-aged
man running around undressed on a beach is seen as
unacceptable. Therefore deviance is socially defined
GOODE (2008)
Goode defines deviance as behaviour, beliefs and physical characteristics that break social
norms and produce negative sanctions
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Slide 3

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Some people might see something as
deviant where as others might not...
ASBO's are seen as a badge of honour by gangs where as by the rest
of society, they are seen as bad
People commit convenience crimes which sometimes are not seen as
bad but are still illegal
There are different norms and values in different cultures
People have the right to different opinions. They vary because of age,
gender and social class.
What is seen as deviant may vary because of your background/
culture/ family/ country you come from
It may depend on who is committing the act
Deviant acts change over time e.g. smoking in restaurants
However a deviant act may be seen as deviant by everyone because:
In a society, people have shared norms and values and since deviance
is behaviour which does not conform to these, the society must all see
it as a deviant act.
We can only have norms if people agree with them otherwise we would
have no laws as we would no agree as to what is deviant.
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Slide 4

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Deviance and crime change over
time and between cultures...
E.g. Since WW2, it is no longer deviant to have sex
outside of marriage
E.g. In Switzerland, assisting suicide is seen as an
acceptable act so long as it is done for
honourable motives
E.g. It was illegal in the 1920's in the USA to drink
and produce alcohol
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Slide 5

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QUIZ! (Click for answer)
What did Goode say about deviance?
How is deviance a `socially defined'?
Name 3 reasons why an act seen as deviant
by some people may not be seen as deviant
as others
Why might everyone see an act as deviant?
Name the 2 ways in which Deviance differs…read more

Slide 6

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Formal and Informal rules
Formal Rules: Rules which are written down (laws
and code of conducts) and have official
punishments, status, penalties and negative
Informal Rules: Unwritten rules which govern many
aspects of social life and are guidelines on how we
are expected to act in social settings
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