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Theory Key people Key ideas
Functionalism Durkheim "crime is an integral
and crime part of all societies"
Crime and deviance
are functional as
they integrate
society
Davis and Cohen Safety value

Clinnard and Cohen Warning function
Merton The negative aspects A02
of crime and Taylor
deviance Merton's
Strain theory-anomie work…

Page 2

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Chambliss Greed, self interest
motivate crime at all
levels
Gordon Crime is rational and
makes sense in a
capitalist society
Pearce Selective law
enforcement-mainta
ins ruling class
power
Neo-Marxism: Walton, Taylor and Criminals choose to AO2 A02
the new Young break the laws. 7 Hall: "policing Rock: not all levels…

Page 3

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Hirschi No one is immune
from the
temptations of crime
but our social bonds
restrict us from
committing crimes
Murray Crime is a
characteristic of the
underclass
Left realism and Lea and Young Relative deprivation
crime is the cause of
crime
Young "bulimic society"
Post modernism Lea Deconstruction is A02…

Page 4

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Media and crime Williams and 12.7% of events in A02
Dickinson newspapers are Giddens-peop
about crime le are
reflexive
Felson "dramatic fallacy"
crime is exaggerated
in the news
Cohen and Young News are
manufactured not
discovered
Dobash Crime is a routine
and regular event
and viewers are
addressed as
threatened…

Page 5

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leniently for
comparable
crimes
Hood Women were 1/3 Carlen: less
less likely to be conventional
imprisoned girls are
compared to men punished
more harshly
Sex role theory
Parsons Girls don't develop AO2
deviant values- Walkate: too
socialisation much
biological
assumption
the women
are gentle and
maternal
Control theory
Heidersohn Women…

Page 6

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Location and Shaw and McKay Chicago school A02
crime Bottoms:
study of
Sheffield
Brantingham
et al:
cognitive
maps
Suicide Durkheim Suicide is a social
fact
Jack Douglas Suicides have A02
different meanings Taylor:
contradiction
in Taylor's
work
Atkinson You need to study
suicide in terms of
primary and
secondary cues


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Brianrd

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Excellent revision table easy to understand and use.

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