crime and deviance revision table with the key theories and names

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  • Created on: 18-04-12 11:44
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Theory Key people Key ideas
Functionalism Durkheim "crime is an integral
and crime part of all societies"
Crime and deviance
are functional as
they integrate
society
Davis and Cohen Safety value
Clinnard and Cohen Warning function
Merton The negative aspects A02
of crime and Taylor
deviance Merton's
Strain theory-anomie work
4 types of deviance: Slot machine
innovation, ritualism, analogy-Mert
retreatism, rebellion. on fails to
recognise
power
Sub cultural Cohen Status frustration- AO2 A02
theory subculture is Box Bordua
response to status Theory isn't Cultural deprivation doesn't explain
denial representativ delinquency
Supports Merton's e of all
work delinquents
Cloward and Ohlin Illegitimate A02
opportunity Taylor,
structure: criminal, Walton and
conflict and Young: not
retreatist subculture. everyone has
a goal of
monetary
success.
Miller Working class focal AO2
concerns Bordua states
(toughness, that Miller
autonomy, paints a group
smartness, that is
excitement, fate and isolated from
trouble) mainstream
society
Matza Subterranean/conve AO2
ntional values. Box: criminals
Techniques of are not
neutralisation remorseful
Drifting into crime
and deviance.
Marxism Marx Crime and deviance
is a product of
poverty.
Lukes Aspects of
power-decision
making, non
decision making and
shaping desire.

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Chambliss Greed, self interest
motivate crime at all
levels
Gordon Crime is rational and
makes sense in a
capitalist society
Pearce Selective law
enforcement-mainta
ins ruling class
power
Neo-Marxism: Walton, Taylor and Criminals choose to AO2 A02
the new Young break the laws.…read more

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Hirschi No one is immune
from the
temptations of crime
but our social bonds
restrict us from
committing crimes
Murray Crime is a
characteristic of the
underclass
Left realism and Lea and Young Relative deprivation
crime is the cause of
crime
Young "bulimic society"
Post modernism Lea Deconstruction is A02
and crime needed to Lea: argues
understand the that the post
nature of crime modernist
approach isn't
too different
to other
approaches.
Henry Definitions of crime
differ according to
lifestyle, freedom
ect.…read more

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Media and crime Williams and 12.7% of events in A02
Dickinson newspapers are Giddens-peop
about crime le are
reflexive
Felson "dramatic fallacy"
crime is exaggerated
in the news
Cohen and Young News are
manufactured not
discovered
Dobash Crime is a routine
and regular event
and viewers are
addressed as
threatened
consumers
Chinball News has to have
surprise, freshness
ad drama
Chinball and All crime waves that
Fishman the media portray
are just moral
panics.…read more

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Hood Women were 1/3 Carlen: less
less likely to be conventional
imprisoned girls are
compared to men punished
more harshly
Sex role theory
Parsons Girls don't develop AO2
deviant values- Walkate: too
socialisation much
biological
assumption
the women
are gentle and
maternal
Control theory
Heidersohn Women conform in
a patriarchal society
McRobbie and Men control
Garbner women's
activities-(bedroom
culture)
Lees Boys control girls
with bad judgements
Poverty and
marginalisation
Carlen w/c women fail in
the class and gender
deal so turn to crime
Liberationist theory…read more

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Location and Shaw and McKay Chicago school A02
crime Bottoms:
study of
Sheffield
Brantingham
et al:
cognitive
maps
Suicide Durkheim Suicide is a social
fact
Jack Douglas Suicides have A02
different meanings Taylor:
contradiction
in Taylor's
work
Atkinson You need to study
suicide in terms of
primary and
secondary cues…read more

Comments

Brianrd

Excellent revision table easy to understand and use.

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