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Crime
Agents
of
Deviance
Social
control
Key
concepts
Define!!!
Informal
and Formal
Delinquency
Social
Control
Social
Control…read more

Slide 3

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Concepts Names
PATTERNS OF CRIME
MIND MAP…read more

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Patterns of Crime - Trends
Period 1 Period 2 Period 3
· Late 1950s ­ · 1984 - 1993 · 1994 - 2010
Early 1980s · Crime · Falling crime
· Rapid rise in explosion ­ and rising fear.
recorded crime police recorded But increase in
based purely by 111% and violent crime,
on police BCS by 77% by 2009
statistics, no violence
BCS at this accounted for
stage 21% of all
reported and
recorded crime…read more

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Patterns of Crime ­ Social Construct
Dark Interpret
Marxists
Figure ivists
The police use their discretion OCS tell us more about the Capitalist state collects and
and so some crimes are not nature of the police than crimes constructs criminal statistics to
included ­ tax and VAT fraud, and criminality, hence they serve the interests of the ruling
H&S infringements, question the validity of the class (ideological function)
statistics
Police: Use of stereotypes
Some offenders belong to (Cicourel), canteen culture and
R/C have the power to control
institutions like the Army so are institutional racism
and manipulate public opinion
punished outside of the legal (MacPherson Report), greater
via the ocs
system police presence in some urban
neighbourhoods
Pollack (feminist) argues the
Box argues that it diverts
BCS shows people don't report police adopt a paternalistic
attention away from white
all crime values towards women hence
collar and corporate crime
the chivalry thesis
Some victims are not aware of Courts: Engage in stereotyping
crimes committed against them (Hood found when he observed BUT Left Realists using the
or are too fearful or in courts that Black youths were Islington Crime survey
embarrassed to report it to the 17% more likely to get a prison demonstrate that the OCS are
police sentence than white youths up largely correct!
for the same offence)…read more

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Postmodernist
Realist ­ Left & Biological/
Right Psychological
Functionalist/
Labelling Theories Strain
Ecological/
Subcultural
Environmental
Marxist ­ Trad
& Neo…read more

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