Credibility

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  • Created on: 28-12-12 20:07
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If the evidence It is useful to
Normally from two assess the
confirms the sources do effectiveness
of an argument We make
reliability of not agree
by seeing if it This judges the decisions
evidence (contradictory)
is consistent credibility of on whether
(unless there is then there
or not the evidence to believe
reason for it to is conflicting somebody or
be untruthful/ evidence not by if the
misleading)
person has
been truthful
in the past
Whether the CONSISTENCY/
evidence of Think of the
one witness INCONSISTENCY factors which
agrees with
CORROBORATION May be a key
REPUTATION will affect
another their ability criterion in
to perceive deciding if
the evidence
Everyone is credible
has a form of
unconscious
bias This is using
because of BIAS any of the
subconscious CRAVEN ABILITY TO The person
PERCIEVE senses
beliefs lead us has to be an
to a particular eye witness-
point of view not hearsay
e.g. religious
Jobs that
depend on
It may be maintaining
because NEUTRALITY their
they are VESTED professional
supporting a Someone who independence
family member
INTEREST (accountants,
is neutral has May have
or friend no connection doctors...) can
nothing to
to any of gain from be expected
the parties the situation to have a
Has a motive
EXPERTISE/ motive to give
to say
an accurate
EXPERIENCE particular
account
OF SOURCE facts/lie
because
because the
of their
witness has
reputation
a personal
Law courts interest in
often rely the situation.
Generally
on specialist
strengthenIt generally
witnesses
credibility of
strengthens
as they have
an argument the credibility
had training/
expericence of an argument
which may
suggest a
relaible source
of witness

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