Critical thinking CRAVEN

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  • Created by: Sophie
  • Created on: 28-12-12 18:28
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  • CRAVEN
    • VESTED INTEREST
      • Has a motive to say particular facts/lie because the witness has a personal interest in the situation.
      • Jobs that depend on maintaining their professional independence (accountants, doctors...) can be expected to have a motive to give an accurate account because of their reputation
    • BIAS
      • Everyone has a form of unconscious bias because of subconscious beliefs lead us to a particular point of view e.g. religious
      • It may be because they are supporting a family member or friend
    • CONSISTENCY/ INCONSISTENCY
      • It is useful to assess the effectiveness of an argument by seeing if it is consistent or not
      • This judges the credibility of the evidence
    • ABILITY TO PERCIEVE
      • This is using any of the senses
      • May be a key criterion in deciding if the evidence is credible
      • The person has to be an eye witness-not hearsay
      • Think of the factors which will affect their ability to perceive
    • EXPERTISE/ EXPERIENCE OF SOURCE
      • It generally strengthens the credibility of an argument
    • NEUTRALITY
      • Someone who is neutral  has no connection to any of the parties
    • REPUTATION
      • We make decisions on whether to believe somebody or not by if the person has been truthful in the past
    • CORROBORATION
      • Whether the evidence of one witness agrees with another
        • Normally confirms the reliability of evidence (unless there is reason for it to be untruthful/ misleading)
      • If the evidence from two sources do not agree (contradictory) then there is conflicting evidence

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