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1. Constitutions

A. Definition

o A constitution sets out the system of government. 'The whole system of government
of a country, the collection of rules which establish and regulate or govern the
government' (Where).

o A constitution `sets out the formal structure of government, specifying the
powers and institutions…

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years. The Monarch must dissolve parliament to call an election but ­ by
convention ­ (s) he does so on the advice of the Prime Minister.
o The composition of, and powers of, elected Assemblies. In the
UK, The House of Lords has the power to delay laws passed…

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times in over 200 years) and then threequarters of the states must approve ­ or ratify ­
the proposals. Only 27 have been approved.

o The advantages of entrenchment are:

o They limit the damage political opponents can do to each other when they obtain
power, for they too…

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o Dozens of countries have abandoned their existing constitutions and ratified new ones
in an attempt to rejuvenate their political systems. For example, Mongolia adopted a
democratic, post-communist constitution in 1994. And Hong Kong implemented its new
Basic Law in 1997 as part of the transition from British colony…

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o Courts cannot overrule the laws made by parliament

o The UK does not have a codified constitution, because:
o historically, Britain has not had a sufficiently traumatic event to
provoke a new start (like a revolution or defeat in a major war)
o geographical isolation and security from…


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