Slides in this set
Unit 1 Psychology Social
· Defining the social approach
· Main definitions
· Agency theory
· Milgram's baseline study
· Milgram's variation Rebellious stooges
· Meeus and Raajimakers
· Social Identification Theory
· Key issue Blind obedience in a prison setting…read more
Defining the Social Approach
Looks at the effect of people, society
and culture and how our behaviour is
affect by this.
The study of how our behaviour is
influenced by the presence, attitudes
and actions of others.…read more
Destructive obedience: following orders that
lead to the harming of another person/people
Compliance: occurs when an individual goes
along with what someone tells them to do with
out completely agreeing with it.
Internalising: obeying with an agreement.
Obedience: doing something because you are
Moral strain: when you have a conflict with an
authority figures instructions and your mood.…read more
Agency Theory (1974)
In social situations we become agents under
someone else's will.
In such circumstances we'll do things we
wouldn't normally do.
This can create moral strain in the individual
obeying the order.
In the autonomous state we are free thinking
and able to make our own decisions.
The theory believes we are socialised into an
agentic state from a young age i.e. children
learn to obey teachers and act as patients.…read more
Evaluation of Agency Theory
Supported by Milgram = 65% obeyed the
authority figure study criticised as it lacks
Hofling supports = 21/22 obedient nurses
study has application to real life.
Does not explain individual differences i.e.
why did not all nurses obey.
Too simplistic French and Raven, 5
different types of power: expert, reward,
legitimate, coercive, referent.…read more
Milgram's Baseline Study of
Milgram wanted to test his hypothesis of
whether the Germans were somehow
indifferent to others, by their ability to carry
out barbaric attacks on the Jews.
Therefore he wanted to investigate how far
people will go in order to obey an authority