Completed Social Approach Notes

Full powerpoint presentation of all the key information for the social approach.

Content includes:

  • Defining the approach
  • Key definitions
  • Agency Theory
  • Milgram's baseline study
  • Milgram's variation 
  • Meeus and Raajimakers
  • Hofling
  • Tajfel
  • Social Identification Theory
  • Key issue - Blind obedience in a prison setting
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  • Created by: VickyJC
  • Created on: 07-05-15 21:51
Preview of Completed Social Approach Notes

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Defining the Social Approach
Looks at the effect of people, society
and culture and how our behaviour is
affect by this.
The study of how our behaviour is
influenced by the presence, attitudes
and actions of others.…read more

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Main Definitions
Destructive obedience: following orders that
lead to the harming of another person/people
Compliance: occurs when an individual goes
along with what someone tells them to do with
out completely agreeing with it.
Internalising: obeying with an agreement.
Obedience: doing something because you are
told to.
Moral strain: when you have a conflict with an
authority figures instructions and your mood.…read more

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Agency Theory (1974)
In social situations we become agents under
someone else's will.
In such circumstances we'll do things we
wouldn't normally do.
This can create moral strain in the individual
obeying the order.
In the autonomous state we are free thinking
and able to make our own decisions.
The theory believes we are socialised into an
agentic state from a young age i.e. children
learn to obey teachers and act as patients.…read more

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Evaluation of Agency Theory
Supported by Milgram = 65% obeyed the
authority figure ­ study criticised as it lacks
ecological validity
Hofling supports = 21/22 obedient nurses ­
study has application to real life.
Does not explain individual differences i.e.
why did not all nurses obey.
Too simplistic ­ French and Raven, 5
different types of power: expert, reward,
legitimate, coercive, referent.…read more

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Milgram's Baseline Study of
Obedience (1963)
AIM ­
Milgram wanted to test his hypothesis of
whether the Germans were somehow
indifferent to others, by their ability to carry
out barbaric attacks on the Jews.
Therefore he wanted to investigate how far
people will go in order to obey an authority
figure.…read more

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