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1. Communities and identities
Community A group of people who are in close contact and who share common
interests and values
Nationality A legal status meaning someone belongs to a particular country or is
a citizen of that country
Identity Who or what you are, for example you might say "I am a Black
Multicultural A community made up of people from different cultural and ethnic
Discrimination When a person is treated less favourably because of their colour,
ethnic origin gender or disability
Ethnic Minority A group of people who are from a different racial or cultural
background to the majority
Diversity Refers to the way in which there is a wide range of gender, culture,
religions, ages and races within a community.
Identity Who or what someone or something is
Dual heritage People with parents or ancestors of different origins.
Immigrant Somebody who moves to a new country for work, education or to seek a
Emigration Leaving your homeland to live in another country.
Immigration Moving to another country to live there
Asylum seeker A person who has fled their home country due to persecution and has
applied for asylum in a safe country. They are waiting for a decision on
their application from the government.
Refugee A person who has fled their home country due to persecution and has
been granted permission to stay in a safe country.
Communities are groups of people who are connected in some way eg the Chinese
community, the Irish community and the Muslim community.
Communities tend to have their own cultures this means that different
communities might have different religions, clothes, food, language and values.
Britain is a very multicultural country this means that lots of people from
different communities and with different cultures live here.
Immigration (people moving) to Britain has been going on for hundreds of years
for lots of reasons; for example:
o To work as there was a shortage of people to work in Britain after World
o As refugees fleeing from war, famine, persecution or natural disasters
Citizenship or nationality is a legal status whereas identity is more to do with
how people feel and can be based upon language, religion, race, whether someone
is from the town or country or even what football club they support or what
music they like. Some people might be British citizens but they may not feel
Tolerance means that people from different communities are able to live with one
another and respect each others' cultures.
Not everyone in the majority group is tolerant and they can feel that their jobs
or way of life are being threatened by ethnic minorities.
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This can lead to them treating minority groups with hostility or discriminating
Sometimes people from minority groups feel that they are not treated equally or
respectfully by the majority group in the society and this can lead to tensions
between communities and sometimes riots and protests.
One way the government has responded to tensions between communities is to
pass the Race Relations Act (1976, and the amended act in 2000). These laws
make it illegal for businesses or public bodies (e.g.…read more