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Class Difference in Educational
Achievement ­ External
Cultural Deprivation:

· Having a lack of basic values, attitudes and skills needed for a successful education.

· According to theorists, many of the children that are culturally deprived are from working class
backgrounds. This is due to the lack of educational equipment…

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Restricted Code- Often used by the working class. Has limited vocabulary and is often
grammatically simple. Speech is predictable and often only uses single words or even
expressions (gestures or on face). It is descriptive not analytical. Often the speaker
believes that the person they are speaking to have the…

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This subculture ensures that the person doesn't want to have educational success nor do
they know how to succeed.

Sugarman 1920

Believes that working class subculture creates a barrier from educational success
Fatalism: A belief in fate- whatever will be will be so there is no point in trying to…

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They created sites where many educational services were based so that most of a
child's heath was covered from health advisors to dentist to nurseries etc.

Criticism of Cultural Deprivation:

Keddie 1973

Argued that no child can be deprived of their own culture
The working class attitude is just simple…

Page 5

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excluded from school are unlikely to return to mainstream education, while a third of all
persistent truants leave school with no qualifications.
-Nearly 90% of "failing" schools are located in deprived areas
Working class families are much more likely to have low incomes or inadequate housing


Poor housing can…

Page 6

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Found that the cost of items such as transport, uniforms, books, computers, calculators,
and sports, music, and art equipment, places a heavy burden on poor families

As a result, poor children may have to make do with hand-me-downs and cheaper but
unfashionable equipment, and this may result in being stigmatised…




did you want help with structuring your essays? :)

Lucia Incerti


Im fine thanks x

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