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ATTACHMENT
Schaffer stated that an attachment is a
close emotional relationship between
two persons characterised by mutual
affection and a desire to maintain
proximity…read more

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SOCIAL SIGNALLING DEVICES
Smiling- attracts proximity.
Crying- triggers hormones and milk flow in
the mother. A way for babies to
communicate, when the mother responds a
bond is formed as the baby knows who is
their caregiver. If successful it will increase
the frequency of contact.
Eye contact…read more

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THE ROLE OF CAREGIVER-INFANT
INTERACTIONS
Imitation
Melzoff and Moore found that 2-3 week old babies
would imitate adult's facial expressions and
movements. They concluded that even babies do
this.
Interaction Synchrony
Condon and Sander analysed babies' movements
when an adult was speaking to them. They found
that babies would move in time with the
conversation and `take turns' ­ reciprocal
behaviour.…read more

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THE ROLE OF CAREGIVER INFANT
INTERACTIONS
Physical Contact
Klaus and Kennell suggested that immediate contact
and skin-to-skin stimulation in the period after birth
was important for the formation of a bond.
Modified Language
Motherese is a slow, high pitched, repetitive way of
speaking to young babies. It aids communication and
may contribute to effective turn taking, aiding
attachment.
Sensitive Responsiveness
Ainsworth found that the type and quality of
attachment depended on the behaviour of the mother
(strange situation).…read more

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EVALUATION
Imitation may be due to coincidence instead
of being intentional
Cross cultural studies suggests that
interactional synchrony isn't due to
attachment
Immediate physical contact is not essential in
attachment as many case studies have shown
Adults use motherese with babies and young
children and there has been no evidence to
suggest that it effects attachment…read more

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