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How + why eco-footprints vary between cities e.g. UK Winchester compared to Salisbury
Winchester: 6.52 hectares Salisbury: 2.79 hectares
Incomes and house values in Winchester are higher (£345, 177) than in Salisbury (£157, 650)
so people can afford to spend more on all types of resources.
Both cities have high employment rates
More people commute out of Winchester and further to work than in Salisbury.
A higher percentage of Salisbury's workers walk, cycle or use public transport to get to
How and why eco-footprints vary between countries e.g. UK compared to China and Ethiopia.
UK: 6.5 Ethiopia: 0.85 China: 1.84
Variation is due to wealth, facilities (recycling/public transport etc) and attitudes to environment.
High eco-footprint Low eco-footprint
More disposable income = more air travel and Can't afford air travel or technology
more new technology
More electricity consumption Less electricity consumption
More food imports (transportation) Less food and more poverty
More money to spend on food = eat more Subsistence farming
More land for larger houses Little income to spend on consumer durables
High % car ownership Low % car ownership
Less land, less housing
How 1 city is reducing its eco- footprint by reducing energy and waste e.g. Manchester
Recycling in Manchester:
There are lots of recycling facilities for metal, paper, cardboard, plastic, glass and organic waste.
These are situated at some supermarkets along with council run recycling plants like
Altrincham/Streford Household Waste Disposal Site.
Sustainable transport e.g. Manchester
Altrincham, Bury + Eccles
Opened in April 1992
Maximum speed 80km/h
Runs every 6mins
Lessens use of fossil fuels
Reduces air and noise pollution
Reduces carbon emissions
Green consumerism e.g. in the UK (such as farmers markets, organic farming)
Local farmers sell their produce to consumers in stalls in a town or city, weekly, monthly or just on
special occasions. First one in Britain was 1997. They encourage small, environmentally aware
methods of production.
Who? Advantages Disadvantages
Consumer Fresh produce Only seasonal produce so there's less choice
Specialities e.g. cheeses
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Try before you buy No preservatives so produce goes off more
Could get bargains quickly.
Farmer Immediate payments Less customers than a big supermarket
No retail costs (shop) Transporting produce to the market
Market research, ask Spending time on the stall instead of on the
customers what they want farm.
Environmental impacts facing cities
Waste (landfill etc.)
Take up land
Emissions: CO2, SO2 etc.…read more