Case Study: Himalayas Fold Mountains

A case study sheet on the uses of a fold mountain range, with some (but not complete) description of how local people have adapted to the unfavourable mountaineous terrain of fold mountain ranges.

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Case Study: The Himalayas
1,800mile stretch of
Skywards movement
fold mountains with
of the Indian and
Cause: Details: Mt. Everest rising by
Eurasian Plate at their
one centimetre a
collision zone.
Human Uses:
The Himalayas have rich cultivable land containing grasslands,
forests and rich mineral deposits. Locallygrown farmed produce
includes corn, wheat, potatoes, sugarcane, apples, peaches,
pears and cherries. Tea is also grown; tea makes up 1.6% of
Nepal's exports. Mats, made from rubber, constitutes $78.4M of
Nepal's exports ­ the top export of Nepal in 2014. Steeper
slopes have been terraced in order to enable their agricultural
Three of the world's major rivers (the Indus, the Ganges and the
Brahmaputra) have sources in the Himalayas. The Bhakra Dam
in northwestern Asia was completed in 1963 on the Sutlej River
Hydroelectric Power
and has a generating capacity of 1,050 megawatts. According to
the World Bank, 99.91% of all electricity in Nepal came from
hydroelectric power in 2011.
Traditionally, mined materials from the Himalayas are
transported through the Great Silk Road. Limestone, numerous
rare gems, granite and dolomite can be mined in the Himalayas,
but Nepal and Bhutan lack the infrastructure and financial
Mining resources for modern mining operations, so mining in those
countries has been kept to a minimum. Flatrolled iron made up
$44.3M of Nepal's exports in 2014 (4.2% of all exports), with
other small iron pipes and iron wire constituting 3.4% and 1.7%
of exports respectively.
There were 798,000 international tourists visiting Nepal in 2013,
which come to see the Himalayas' valleys, heights and historical

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Seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites
sit in the Kathmandu Valley, for example. Skiing resorts exist as
well and other sports include snowboarding, iceclimbing and
mountain hiking.…read more


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