British Depth Study 1890-1918: Civilians

A brief powerpoint explaining how civilians were effected in the First World War, for the OCR British Depth Study examination

Powerpoint Presentation 595.42 Kb

Slides in this set

Slide 1

Preview of page 1

British Depth Study -
OCR History GCSE ­ How was British
society changed, 1890-1918?…read more

Slide 2

Preview of page 2

Outbreak of War
The First World War started in August 1914
The public mood was very positive; people
expected the war to be over by Christmas
Most people felt that Britain would easily win the
war, and it seemed like an adventure
Women were excited about work opportunities…read more

Slide 3

Preview of page 3

Between 1914 and 1916, 2.5 million men
volunteered for the British Army
This was a result of the recruitment campaign
launched by the Government in 1914
Often whole groups of friends from an area joined
up together as a `Pals Battalion'
By late 1915, the Government were considering
conscription…read more

Slide 4

Preview of page 4

In January of 1916, military service became compulsory
for all single men aged 18-41
However, in May this was later extended to all married
According to the act, only those men in `reserved
occupations' were exempt; this included miners or
those working in munitions factories
By 1918, all men up to the age of 51 were included in
this act
Conscientious objectors were people who refused to
fight or join the army
They were often imprisoned, and had to appear before
a local tribunal to explain their beliefs…read more

Slide 5

Preview of page 5

In August 1914, the Government introduced the
Defence of the Realm Act (DORA)
This gave the government power to pass laws quickly
and easily, and take over businesses to help the war
The Government fixed profits and wages of any
remaining industries, including the coal industry
New state-run munitions factories were opened due to
the munitions crisis
By the end of the war, the Government controlled…read more

Slide 6

Preview of page 6

Food Shortage
The Government encouraged women to work on the
land throughout the war
The `nine penny loaf' was created to ensure that poor
people could afford food
German U-Boats began attacking ships coming into
the UK, so food shortages became serious
Voluntary rationing was encouraged in 1916 and 1917
These did not work, however, so compulsory rationing
was introduced in 1918
There was a black market, but punishments for this
were very severe…read more

Slide 7

Preview of page 7
Preview of page 7

Slide 8

Preview of page 8
Preview of page 8

Slide 9

Preview of page 9
Preview of page 9




Good but you forgot to include the munitions crisis!



good and I would agree with saad the munitions crisis was missing and it was pretty important, good job

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »