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Biological therapies- psychosurgery
This involves a trans-orbital lobotomy which is when a patient is knocked
unconscious by an ECT machine and an ice pick is knocked up underneath the
eyelid and then is randomly moved around to cut the connections between the
frontal lobe and the rest of the brain. The patient is then given dark glasses to
wear to hide the black eyes caused by the operation. However, this is very rarely
done today, and when it is an ice pick is no longer used; MRI scans and lasers are
Effects are variable due to the random nature of moving the ice pick this
could cause other damage which could lead to personality changes. This
could lead to a patent being seen as having a completely different
personality than before the operation by the people who know them.
Instant results compared to other treatments such as drugs, which could
take weeks or ECT which could take as much as 15 treatments. This means
that psychosurgery is a lot more appropriate than other treatments.
Irreversible treatment so if it doesn't work then nothing can be done
about the side effects, whereas with other treatments such as drugs it is
possible to change the medication slightly or stop taking it altogether.