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Biological therapies: psychosurgery
This involves a trans-orbital lobotomy which is when a patient is knocked
unconscious by an ECT machine and an ice pick is pushed underneath the eyelid
and then randomly moved around to cut the connections between the frontal
lobe and the rest of the brain. The patient is then given dark glasses to wear to
hide the black eyes caused by the operation. However this is very rarely done
today and when it is, ice picks are replaced with MRI scans and lasers.
· Effects are variable due to the nature of moving the ice pick and this
could cause other damage causing personality changes meaning the patient
could have a completely different personality than before the operation
by the people who know them.
· Instant results compared to other treatments like drugs which could
take weeks or ECT which could need 15 treatments. This means that
psychosurgery is a lot more appropriate than the other treatments.
· Irreversible treatment so if it doesn't work then nothing can be done
about the side effects, whereas with drugs it is possible to alter the
medication or stop taking it.