Biological Approach Treatment Notes

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Biological approach treatments
Drugs = antianxiety & antidepressants work by increasing amount of
serotonin and antipsychotic works by stopping the absorption of too
much dopamine
Evaluation of drugs = + Proven effectiveness ­ Hidalgo 2001 found anti
anxiety drugs reduce social anxiety
+ Easily available and cheap
Side effects ­ memory loss, addiction etc.
Only treat symptoms and not cause
(WILL NEED TO BE EXPLAINED IN MORE DETAIL)
ECT = 1. Patient relaxed with sedative
2. Electrodes attached to temples
3. 70130 volts for ½ second
4. Convulsions for 1 min
5. Wakes up & does not remember what just happened
6. 23 sessions a week for 34 weeks
Evaluation of ECT = + Proven effectiveness ­ Johnson 11,000 procedures
in the UK in 1999
+ Useful in suppressing depressive symptoms for up
to 1 year
Emotional side effects ­ flatness, withdrawal etc. &
cognitive thinking problems can be caused
Symptoms usually return after 1 year
(WILL NEED TO BE EXPLAINED IN MORE DETAIL)

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