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Crockett estimates that in that year, 40% or more of the adult population of Britain
attended church on Sundays ­ based on evidence from the 1851 Census.

There have been some major changes in religion in the UK since then:
- A decline in the proportion of the population going…

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Religious institutions today
The state has taken over many of the functions that church used to perform. Thus, whereas
religion once pervaded every aspect of life, it has increasingly been relegated to the private
sphere of the individual and the family.

For example, until the mid-19th century, the churches provided…

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For Weber, the medieval Catholic worldview that dominated Europe saw the world as an
"enchanted garden". God and other spiritual beings and forces, such as angels, the devil and
so on, were believed to be present and active in this world, changing the course of events
through their supernatural powers…

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home and family. Religious beliefs are now largely a matter of personal choice and religious
institutions have lost their influence on society. Even where religion continues to perform
functions such as education or social welfare, it must conform to the requirements of the
secular state.

Social and cultural diversity

Wilson…

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Society is no longer unified under the single sacred canopy created by one church, instead
religious diversity creates a plurality of life worlds, where people's perceptions of the world
vary and where there are different interpretations of the truth

Berger argues that this creates a crisis of credibility for religion.…

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- The congregational domain of the traditional and evangelical Christianity.

- The holistic milieu of spirituality and the New Age.




Explanations;

New Age spirituality has grown because of a massive subjective turn in today's
society.
Traditional religions, which demand duty and obedience, are declining.
" Religion that tells you what…

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has widened. For example, a study of attendance at Catholic mass in San Francisco found
that in 1972, opinion polls exaggerated attendance by 47% but by 1996, the exaggeration
had doubled to 101%.

Bruce concludes that a stable rate of self-reported attendance of about 40% has masked a
decline in…

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Comments

wngono

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A great summary of secularisation which is extensive and very detailed. This is a great revision source for that topic which is great for those who like concise information. The information can be transferred onto flashcards and mind map easily.

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