Personal Beliefs, experiences,morals and political bias
Can, Cant, Should,Shouldnt
CAN - Its possible
SHOULD - It is desirable
CANT - Its impossible
SHOULDNT - It is not desirable
CAN 100% be value free & SHOULD be too
DURKHEIM AND COMTTE = Positivists and believe society should be studied scientifically
Society is like the naturalworld.We can studyit scientifically and establish and observe social facts
Values are a MUST as a guide to research but must remain value free in terms of data collection and analysis
Topic, Method and Sample.
Research should start off with values as we all have our own beliefs and morals however when analysing and collecting data we should remain value free to prevent bias.
Value Laden is the idea that sociology CANNOT and SHOULD NOT be value free as naturally people have their own beliefs/morals. Believe its IMPOSSIBLE.
Gouldner and Career Trajectories - a dog eat dog society. People will do research that reflect their area of work naturally to get more of a reputation in their field.
Plummer and Personal Beliefs - Plummer did the Queer Theory and believes people will naturally do more research on issues that affect them Directly. E.g - Plummer Studying gay people.
Funding Bodies - Research has their own paymaster they have an agenda and can also dictate what you research.
Believe that VALUE FREEDOM IS A MYTH. It is not only IMPOSSIBLE but it is NOT DESIRABLE either.
Howard Becker talked about giving minority groups a voice and power. He believes in actively taking the side of the underdog. 'OUTSIDERS' of society.
MARXISTS. FEMINISTS. LABELLISTS. LEFT REALISTS. = Committed Sociologists.
OPEN QUESTION QUESTIONNAIRES
They want Empathy and to build a rapport to truly understand whats going on