Beliefs in Society Keywords

All the words you need to know for the 'Beliefs in Society' exam!

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  • Created by: Abigail
  • Created on: 30-04-12 06:40
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Animism: belief in ghosts or spirits
Enlightenment: period associated with the 18th century when reason became to be seen as a guiding
principle
Functional definitions: attempting to explain the function of religion in society
Ideology: set of ideas that legitimate the power of a particular group
Profane: ordinary, unreligious aspects of life
Sacred: regarded with awe and reverence
Substantive definitions: attempting to explain what religion actually is
Totems: objects such as animals or plant that are believed to have supernatural powers
Anomie: a state of confusion and normlessness
Civil religion: events or activities that involve ritualistic patterns and generate collective sentiments
usually associated with established religions
Collective conscience: beliefs and values shared by members of society that are essential for social
order
Communism: political philosophy originated by Marx that advocates common ownership and
business
Consensus: shared agreement on norms and values
Conservative: supporting things staying as they are
Ideological apparatus: agencies that transmit RCI to persuade subordinate groups that inequality is
natural and normal
Totemism: a primitive religion involving the worship or certain objects seen to have a widespread
influence over tribal life
Ascetic: self-denying
Calvinists: 17th century Protestant sect based on the thinking of John Calvin
Charismatic leader: leader with power and magnetic personality
Fundamentalist religion: belief systems that argue the need to return to traditional values and
practices
Hegemony: dominance of the RC, manipulates beliefs causing WC to believe that it is societal norm
Liberation theology: a fusion of Christianity and Marxism that has been influential in Central and
South America
Predestination: belief that an individuals' destiny is fixed before their birth
Relative autonomy: degree of freedom that state institutions have from the direct control of the R/C
Religiosity: importance of religion in a person's life
Status quo: current state of affairs
Theodicy: religious ideas that explain fundamental questions about the nature of existence
Bureaucratic: centralised form of organisation run by official representatives

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Globalisation: process whereby social and economic activity spans many nations with little regard
for national boarders
Meta-narratives: `grand' explanations provided by religion, politics and science
Monopoly of truth: view that only the viewpoint of the holder can be accepted as true
Religious pluralism: where a verity of religions co-exists, all of which are considered to have equal
validity
Spiritual shoppers: postmodern idea that people consume religion in much the same way as any
other product
Holistic milieu: range of activities involving the mind, body and…read more

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Religious compensators: aspects of religion that provide temporary answers to fundamental
queries about the nature of existence and satisfy universal needs
Religious pluralism: where a variety of religious beliefs co-exists, all are considered to have equal
validity
Secularisation: process in society where religious beliefs and practices lose their social significance
Secularisation thesis: belief in the declining influence of religion in society
Vicarious religion: religious practices of a socially approved of minority who symbolically represent
the religious adherence of the majority…read more

Comments

wngono

A great and comprehensive resources which identifies the key terminology within the beliefs in society spec. This can be further extended by developing each key words by identified key thinkers as well as identifying the links within other topics within that unit.

wngono

A great and comprehensive resources which identifies the key terminology within the beliefs in society spec. This can be further extended by developing each key words by identified key thinkers as well as identifying the links within other topics within that unit.

greghassall

**** out

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