Keywords.

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  • Created by: Lynn Moyo
  • Created on: 10-12-12 14:37

Altruistic Suicide

Emile Durkheim's term for suicide in societes where poeople see their own happiness as unimportant. 

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Anomic suicide

Durkheim's term for suicide in societies where rapid change is occuring.

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Anomie

Term, first used by Durkheim, to describe a breakdown of social expectations and behaviour; later used differently by Merton to explain reactions to situations in which socially approved goals were impossible for the majority of the population to reach by legitimate means.

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Anti Posivist

Rejecting the view that sociology can and should follow the methods and procedures of the natural sciences.

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Anthropocentric

The belief that humans have the right to exploit the environment for their own benefit.

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Anti-Social Behaviour Order ( ASBO)

Restriction on the behaviour of someone because he or she has engaged in behaviour that has proved a problem to others in the community.

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Authenticity

The extent to which a historical document or other secondary source is real

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Bedroom Culture

Term used by Angela McRobbie and Jenny Garber to describe the way in which girls are more likely than boys to socialize with their friends in the home, rather than ins treets or other public places.

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Bourgeoisie

Ruling class in capitalist society. Marxists view.

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British Crime Survey

Annual victimization survey carried out by the Home Office.

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Canteen Culture

A term that refers to the occupational culture developed by the police.

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Capitalism

Term used to describe industrial society based on private ownership or property and businesses.

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Census

A questionnaire survey carried out by the government every 10th year on the whole population.

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Chivalry Factor

Term used to suggest that the criminal justice system may treat women more leniently than men.

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Closed Questions

Questions that require a specific reply. E.G. 'Yes' or 'No' 

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Cluster sampling

The researcher selects a series of different places and then chooses a sample at random within the cluster of people within these areas.

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Comparative Method

A method that involves comparing societies to find out key differences that might explain different social phenomena.

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Collateral Damage

Accidental and uninteded damage.

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Compensatory Education

Diverting more educational funding to deprived areas.

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Complementarity

Type of traingulation in which different methods are combined to dovetail different aspects of an investigation e.g. questionnaires are used to discover overall statistical patterns and participant observation is used to reveal the reasons for those patterns.

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Conspicuous consumption

The idea that identity and status are dependent on material things such as designer labels and jewellery.

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Consensus

General agreement. 

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