SCLY3 : Marxism and Ideologies

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  • Marxism and Ideology:
    • Marxists argue that capitalist societies are dominated by ruling class ideology - a set of beliefs that support the interests of the R/C.
    • Marxists believe that capitalist societies are divided into two classes:
      • The Bourgeoisie- own the means of production.
      • The Proletariat- work for the R/C in order to survive.
    • Believe the structure of society has two parts:
      • The economic base- includes the means of production and controlled by the R/C.
    • The R/C exploit the W/C  and attempt to maintain control by controlling the ideas, beliefs and values of society.
    • Marx and Engels argued that: "the ideas of the ruling class are, in every age, the ruling ideas."
    • Marxists believe that in capitalist societies the dominant ideology is reproduced partly through the mass media.
      • This encourages
        • Acceptance of capitalism as the best economic system
        • acceptance of power of the capitalist state.
        • A consumer culture to consume the products of capitalism to make profit for companies
        • A passive workforce which does not questions low wages
  • Superstructure - includes all non-economic parts of society including state, mass media, education and religion.
    • Believe the structure of society has two parts:
      • The economic base- includes the means of production and controlled by the R/C.

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