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Attitudes to food and eating behaviour

People hold different attitudes towards eating and food is associated with a multitude
of meanings e.g. food can represent comfort when you are unhappy or can be used as
distraction when bored. When we begin to use food to resolve an underlying emotional

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2. Exposure to food

Some people show fear and avoidance of new foods: neophobia.
Research has found that exposure to new foods can change children's
Birch and Marlin (1982) found a direct relationship between exposure to new
foods and food preference, suggesting that we like foods that we are…

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Birch ad Fisher (2000) found that the best predictors of daughters' eating
behaviour were the mothers' dietary restraint and their perception of the risks of
the daughters becoming overweight.

Food and control

Children's positive attitudes to unhealthy foods may be the result of parents
being too controlling over their children's…

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Stone and Brownell (1994) found that eating less was the predominant response
to stress in students.
However, Wardle et al's naturalistic study of stress at work concluded that
periods of high workload were associated with greater intakes of energy,
particularly saturated fats and sugar.
This contradictory relationship has been called…

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Nature/nurture debate- attitudes to food and eating behaviour raises the
question of whether we are born with a preference to certain foods or whether
they are learned.

Free will/determinism- free will because we are free to make healthier choices and
change the way we eat.

Exam question:

`Discuss attitudes to…


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