PSYA3 Attitudes to Food

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  • Attitudes to Food
    • A01
      • A way of explaining attitudes to food is through using the social learning theory which emphasises the impact of observing other people has on our own attitudes to food.
        • Parental modelling is a part of SLT and suggests people develop their eating behaviours from their parents.
          • Parents have an inevitable effects as they control what food is bought.
        • The media has a big impact on our attitudes to food and eating behaviour such as the impact of television.
          • Macintyre found that the media has a major impact on what people eat and their attitudes to food. Furthermore, researchers state that many eating behaviours are limited by personal circumstances
      • Attitudes to food are clearly more than social learning theory alone, evolutionary explanations of food preferences  for fatty + salty foods is a direct result of an evolved adaptation among our distant ancestors.
      • Cultural influences may be used to explain our attitudes to food because, much of the research into attitudes to food and eating behaviour focuses on body dissatisfaction such as negative thoughts about the body.
        • This causes dissatisfaction and highly influences our eating behaviours.
        • Ethnicity suggests that body dissatisfaction and related eating concerns are more a characteristic of white women than black asian women.
    • A02
      • Brown + Ogden reported a consistent correlation between parents and their child's snack-food intake, eating motivations and body dissatisfaction
      • The importance of SLT in attitudes to food can be demonstrated in studies.
        • Meyer + Gust serveyed 10-12 year olds and found a significant positive correlation between peer influence and disordered eating. This supports the influence of SLT on attitudes to food.
      • The role of SLT is portrayed in a study by Birch + Fisher as they found that the best predictor of the daughter's eating behaviours were their mother#s dieting restraints and their perception that their daughter will become overweight thus, supports SLT.
      • Ball + Kennedy studied over 14,000 women in australia and results showed the longer the women spent there, the more the women reported attitudes similar to the women born there.
      • A number of studies have supported the claim that a period of lowered mood precedes an episode of binge eating. However, although a binge eating mood might offer immediate satisfaction, the other studies report a drop in mood after.
      • Most studies only concentrate on women's attitudes to food, studies show that in men, homosexuality is a risk factor in the development of disordered eating.
        • This suggests that studies that only concentrate on women  offer a limited view to attitudes to food which is gender biased.


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