First 375 words of the document:
THE ASIAN TSUNAMI
26TH DECEMBER 2004
A tsunami is a series of waves created when a body of water (e.g. an ocean) is quickly displaced.
CAUSES OF THE ASIAN TSUNAMI
Earthquakes happen when tectonic plates suddenly move against each other. On 26th December
2004, the largest earthquake for over 40 years occurred between the Australian and Eurasian plate
in the Indian Ocean. The quake triggered a tsunami a series of large waves that spread
thousands of kilometres over the course of several hours. The earthquake caused the sea floor to
rupture along the fault line leading up to the creation of a giant wave.
The tsunami formed when energy from the earthquake vertically jolted the seabed by several
metres, displacing very large amounts of water. Large waves began moving through the ocean,
away from the earthquake's epicentre.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TSUNAMI
In deep water the tsunami moved up to 500mph; when it reached shallow water near the coastal
areas, the tsunami slowed but increased in height.
The sudden vertical rise of the seabed by several metres during the earthquake displaced massive
volumes of water, resulting in a tsunami that struck the coasts of the Indian Ocean.
PRIMARY EFFECTS OF THE DISASTER
Worldwide donations of $7 billion from the international community.
250,000 people were killed.
Affected countries: Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, the Maldives, and Somalia.
SECONDARY EFFECTS OF THE DISASTER
Lots of aftershocks (e.g. on the Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands).
Huge impact on the fishing industry loss of income for fishermen.
Tourism was also hit visitors felt at risk.
Environmental damage to ecological systems such as corals, forests and coastal wetlands.
FACTS AND FIGURES
Time of main tremor: 0758 local time on 26 December 2004.
Distance waves travelled inland: Up to 2000 metres.
Number of countries affected: 13, including Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand,
Myanmar, Malaysia, The Maldives and Somalia.
Number of people injured: Over 500,000.
Number of people affected: Up to 5 million people lost homes, or access to food and
Number of people left without the means to make a living: One million.