Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Sociology Study Guide AS Level
Topic 1-Perspectives:
Functionalism
sees society working as a whole and each individual part played is important to the functions of
society.
Advantages-looks at society as a whole (macro view) which is what sociology is supposed to see,
quantitative data, can be generalized because it looks…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Topic- Family
Conclusion- says the nuclear family carries out two functions: primary socialization and stabilization of
adult personalities.
Strength-validity (family is the primary socialization)
Weakness-no study so cannot be proven, nuclear families are in decline, focused on middle class white
Americans.

7. Murdock
Topic-Family
Conclusion-says the family has 4 basic…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
1. Marcuse- society has been hypnotized to believe that capitalism is the only way to go (why
there hasn't been a revolution)
2. Althusser (Neo-Marxist)- rejected the idea that social relations are determined by economics
only. He argued that there are three levels: economic, political, and ideological social classes.
Conflict…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Disadvantages- cannot be studied because they think every method is wrong, therefore it cannot
be proven.
Studies:

1.Lyotard- challenges metanarratives

2.Bauldrillard- mass media; loss of history

New Right
sees problems in society as being a result from a deviation from the nuclear family.
Advantages- uses government statistics (easy to compare),…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Interviews
open-ended and closed ended
structured(same questions for everyone) and unstructured
Structured
Advantages: It can be repeated and replicated, obtains quantitative data (positivism),
interviewers can clarify questions, higher response rate.
Disadvantages: It is more expensive (paying interviewers), interviewers have to stick to the
questions, no qualitative data is obtained (validity)…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Studies:
1.Goldthorpe(1970) ­looked at government statistics to compare blue and white collar workers
2.Deregowski- did a review article to see if picture perception is a universal language
Experiments
Advantages: The experiment offers a high degree of exactness because one can control
everything in a laboratory setting. Variables can be precisely…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
1.McRobbie- looked at glossy magazines to see how women are portrayed (feminist)
2.David Morley(1980)- observed 3 different groups of people and how they interpreted television
programs (functionalist)
3.Lyotard and Bauldrillard- looked at mass media and used his research to challenge
meteranaratives.


Topic 3-Inequality and Stratification, Socialization:
Stratification- Wealth, power, and…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
highest social class. Those who only have their labor to sell (the proletariat) make up the lower
social class. According to Marx, when a "class consciousness" develops among the working class (
a task of politically active Marxist socialists) they will recognize their potential and rise up and
overthrow the…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
Interationist
Stratification:
View- sees inequality and how it affects the individual
Studies:
1.Cooley- poverty classes do not move up because of the image they have of themselves and how
they feel others see them in society. (Looking Glass Self)
Socializaion:
View- sees how individuals respond to society and how it…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
1.Charles Murray- suggests that nuclear families are the number one force in socializing children.
When dysfunction happens in a family, the socialization process will be hindered.


Post-Modern
Socialization
View- socialization in society through mass media doesn't allow for people to know what's real or
unreal. Children are taught shallow ideas.…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all resources »