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advantages Disadvantages



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Ethical




Theoretical




Questionnaires
They can be distributed to people at home and returned by post, emailed or
collected on the spot, e.g. in a classroom. Questionnaires ask respondents to
answer preset questions. Questions tend to be closedended, often with precoded
answers.
Positivists prefer questionnaires because they deliver…

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hypotheses and identify correlations between variables. They can be used on a large
scale to produce representative data. However, interpretivists claim that the data
produced by questionnaires is low in validity.


Methods in context:
Questionnaires have been used to study educational issues such as: class
achievement parental attitudes to education…

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Theoretical





advantages Disadvantages



Practical




Ethical

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Theoretical




Interviews
Sociological research employs two main types of interview. These are: structured
interviews and unstructured interviews. Sociologists sometimes also use semistructured
interviews, combing elements of both.

Structured interviews
Involves facetoface or overthephone delivery of a questionnaire. Structured
interviews use an interview schedule a preset list of questions designed by…

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Practical




Ethical




Theoretical







Unstructured interviews:
Ask mainly openended questions, with no fixed set of questions to be asked of
every respondent. Produce qualitative data because the interviewee can respond in
words that are meaningful to them. Are guided as much by the interviewee as by the
interviewer. Are informal and…

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advantages Disadvantages



Practical




Ethical




Theoretical




Methods in context:
Unstructured interviews have been used to study educational issues such as:
teachers `racialised expectations' about pupils pupil subcultures parental attitudes
how school policies are actually implemented in practice. These issues involve
finding out the meanings and attitudes people hold, so indepth, openended…

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Practical




Ethical




Theoretical






advantages Disadvantages

Page 8

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Practical




Ethical




Theoretical




Interviews
Sociological research employs two main types of interview. These are: structured
interviews and unstructured interviews. Sociologists sometimes also use semistructured
interviews, combing elements of both.

Structured interviews
Involves facetoface or overthephone delivery of a questionnaire. Structured
interviews use an interview schedule a preset list of questions…

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Methods in context:
Structured interviews have been used to study educational issues such as: class and
achievement material deprivation and achievement, parental choice of schools.
These are largescale issues requiring a research method that can investigate large
numbers of respondents relatively quickly and cheaply.
Structured interviews are generally less useful…

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Unstructured interviews:
Ask mainly openended questions, with no fixed set of questions to be asked of
every respondent. Produce qualitative data because the interviewee can respond in
words that are meaningful to them. Are guided as much by the interviewee as by the
interviewer. Are informal and freeflowing, and more…

Comments

Aiste - Team GR

great for revision, will be using this closer to the exams!
thank you

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