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Mnemonic: (C)RAVEN

C ­ Circumstance or context
This is not a common credibility criterion and is rarely used. However, knowing the
circumstance or context of the actual setting (eg crime scene) can be a good way of judging
whether or not the claim from the author/witness is relevant…

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V ­ Vested Interest
For this credibility criterion, you need to consider if a witness would personally gain something by
making a false, biased or selective claim. In the example of court cases, a person may gain
compensation, but the unsuccessful party may lose their reputation or get a penalty.…


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