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The Arms Race
Build up of armies 1900-14…read more

Slide 2

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In Europe there were many large armies and this was said also to be a
great threat to European peace.
· Military leaders argued that in order to keep the peace you needed a
strong army to resist an invasion from another country. The
manufacturers of the arms agreed with this as they received a large
profit from the build up of arms.
· A side from Britain, all the Great Powers increased in the size of their
armies. However Britain was the only country who did not introduce
conscription before 1914.
· In 1913 France increased the compulsory military service from 2 years
to 3. Russia increased theirs from 3 to 3 and a half. This meant that both
countries had more trained men.
· BY 1913 Germany's army was very large and powerful, only Russia had
more men.
· However, although Russia's army was very large, it was also very badly
equipped inferior to that of Germany's. The Germans took great pride in
their armed forces and this was encouraged by the Kaiser who enjoyed
being photographed in his military uniform.…read more

Slide 3

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The Naval Race
1906-14…read more

Slide 4

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Britain, being an island with a large overseas empire, needed a strong
navy, especially as its army was so small. So Britain saw it as a challenge to
its colonies as well as its naval supremacy, when Germany began building
up its navy in 1898 as they had the largest navy in the world since 1900.
· These fears were partly the reasons why Britain made treaties with France
and Russia.
· Germany only became a real threat after 1906 when they began to build
the new type of battleship, the Dreadnoughts, that could easily destroy
any of the older type. Britain naval supremacy was made up of the older
battleships, so the race was on to build the most Dreadnoughts.
· The race reached its peak in 1909 when the Germans could not decide on
how many Dreadnoughts to build. Britain had decided to build 4 between
· Because so many believed Germany was challenging Britain the public
pressured the government to spend more money on making the
battleships by the slogan `we want eight and won't wait'. The government
gave in and spent more in increasing the number of Dreadnoughts.
· The naval stirred up a dislike for the German in the British people and
closer relations with France. Yet this was not a reason to go to war in 1914
because by that time Britain had far more Dreadnoughts than Germany.…read more


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