AQA/Edexcel/OCR A-level Chemistry 'Synthetic Organic Routes' Revision

Comprehensive routes with reagents and conditions for the AQA/Edexcel/OCR's Synthetic Organic Routes.

Note: Contains all you need to know as part of AQA A-level Chemistry Unit 4 (CHEM4).

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Preview of AQA/Edexcel/OCR A-level Chemistry 'Synthetic Organic Routes' Revision

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Diol KOH/H2O Dihaloalkane Poly(Alkene)
Heat, Reflux
X2
Heat, Pressure, Catalyst
Room Temp.
Al2O3
Heat
Alkene H2, Ni
Alkane
Room Temp.
c.H2SO4/H2O
Heat, Pressure c.H2SO4 HX KOH/(EtOH) X2
Heat, Reflux Room Temp. Heat, Reflux UV Light
KOH/(H2O)
Carboxylate 1° Alcohol 2° Alcohol Heat, Reflux Haloalkane
Salt
e.c.NH3/(EtOH)
K2Cr2O7/ K2Cr2O7/ Heat, Pressure
NaBH4/(H2O) NaBH4/(H2O) KCN/(H2O)/(EtOH)
d.H2SO4 d.H2SO4
Room Temp. Room Temp. Heat, Reflux
Heat, Distil Heat, Reflux
H2O/c.H2SO4 or d.NaOH
Heat, Reflux
Aldehyde Ketone Nitrile LiAlH4, Ether
1° Amine
d.NaOH
Room Temp.
Heat, Reflux
KCN/d.H2SO4 KCN/d.H2SO4 c.RX Heat
RCOOH/c.H2SO4 Room Temp. Room Temp.
K2Cr2OH/
Heat, Distil
d.H2SO4
RCOCl or (RCOO)2O
Room Temp.
2° Amine
Heat, Reflux Hydroxynitrile c.RX Heat
H2O/c.H2SO4 3° Amine
Ester Heat, Reflux Carboxylic 1° Amide 2° Amide c.RX Heat
ROH/c.H2SO4
Heat, Reflux
Acid
4° Ammonium
H 2O NH3 RNH2
ROH Room Temp. Room Temp. Room Temp. Salt
Room Temp.
Acyl Acid
Chloride Anhydride

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Cyclohexane
H2/Ni
Room Temp.
Benzene
c.H2SO4/c.…read more

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