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Page 1

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Ener
get
ics


What
i
s t
her
mo
chemi
str
y?

Thi
s
is
the
study
of
heat
changes
dur
ing
chemi
cal
r
eact
ions.


What
ar
e exot
her
mic
react
ions?

These
are
react
ions
that
gi
ve
out
heat
such
as
neut
ral
is
ing…

Page 2

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Thed
i
ff
erenceb
et
w eent
het
woe
nt
hal
pyc
hangesi
st
hea
mount
of
heat
neededt
ot
ur
no
nemo
l
eo
f
wat
er
int
o
st
eam

What
i
s t
he
standar
d mol
ar
ent
hal
py
of
for
mat
ion?

Thi
s…

Page 3

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How
do
w e
all
ow f
or
heat
l
oss
on
a gr
aph?

Befor
et
hee
x per
ime nt
all
t
hea
p paratusa
n db
o t
hs
ol
uti
on sa
rel
eft
tos
tandi

nthel
aba
n dt
hise
nsurest
hat
theya
ll
r…

Page 4

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What
i
s t
he
Maxwel
l
Bol
tzmann
dist
ri
but
ion?

Thi
ss
h owst
hed
ist
ri
b ut
iono
f ener
gies(
andt
her
eforet
hes
p eeds)
of
themo
l ecul
esi
nag
a so
r l
i
q ui
d.
Itshowst
hat
no
par…

Page 5

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Thet
ransi
ti
ons
tatei
sl
ower
w i
thg
oldc
a t
alyst
ande
ve nl
ower wit
hap
l at
inum c
a t
alyst
,
thi
si

sbecauset
heg
ol
dc
at
alyst

r
educes t
he act
ivat
ion
energy
but
the
plat
inum cat
alyst…

Page 6

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Thesea
r
emi
n eral
st
hat
havev
e r
yo
p enp
o r
es
t r
uctur
est
hat
ionso
r mol
ecul
esc
anf
i
t
int
o,
theyc
onf
inet
hemo
l
ecul
esi
n
smal
l
spaces
w hi
ch
causes
a change
in
thei…

Page 7

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Thes
e ao
fd
e l
ocal
isede
lect
ronsg
etsf
urt
hera
w ayf
rom thep
o s
iti
ven
ucl
euse
acht
i
mea
n dt
her
ei
sa
lsod
ecr
easing
densi
tyo
f
char
geme
a ningt
her
ei

slessa
t
tr
acti
onf
or
thee…

Page 8

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I
t i
sa
lsou
s eda
sas
imp l
et
est
for
sul
phat
ei
onsi
ns
ol
uti
on.
T hes
ol
uti
oni

sfi
rst
aci
dif
i
e dw
ithn
i
tr
ica
ci
do
r
hydr
ochl
ori
c
aci
da
n dt
henb
a…

Page 9

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Vand
er waalsf
or
cesa
ret
heo
nl
y i
nter
molecul
ar
for
cess
ome
l
ti
nga
ndb
oi
li
ngp
oi
ntsi
ncr
easew
i
thc
hai
nl
engt
ha
ndt
hey
ar
e non
polar
so
they
are
insol
ubl
e i
n wat
er.


How…

Page 10

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What
happens
w hen
the
doubl
e bond
is
n '
t
in
the
exact
mi
ddl
e of
t
he
chai
n?

Ther
ea
r et
wop
ossi
blep
r
oductsb
e causet
heh
y dr
ogenb
r
omi
dec
oul
db
ondt
oe
i
ther
of
t
hec…

Comments

Peter

Pretty good, will help with revision :) thanks

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