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LAW IN ACTION
Aspects of the English Legal System













A Revision Guide - Law 03

AQA LAW - Unit 3 - Section A ­ Criminal Law
Section A ­ Criminal Law (Fatal and non-fatal offences against the
person)
Specifications

Section A Criminal Law (Fatal & nonfatal offences against the person)…

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CONTENTS

Contents of Law 03 03

Murder ­ Key Concepts 04 05

Voluntary Manslaughter
The Special Defences

Diminished Responsibility 06 08

Provocation 08 09


Involuntary Manslaughter

Gross Negligence Manslaughter 10

Unlawful Act Manslaughter 11


The General Defences

Insanity 12
Automatism 12 14
Intoxication: voluntary and involuntary 15 16
Selfdefence &…

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AQA LAW UNIT 3 - CRIMINAL LAW or CONTRACT LAW

Written Paper: 1 hour 30 minutes
Weighting: 25% of total of A Level marks

Candidates must answer one three-part question on either Criminal Law
(Offences against the Person) or Contract

Total marks available = 80 (including 5 marks for QWC)…

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CRIMINAL OFFENCES ­ FATAL

In this unit we are studying criminal offences against the person that end in the death of the
victim. These are called homicides.

Homicide is the unlawful killing of a human being. We are studying three kinds of homicide:
murder, voluntary manslaughter, and involuntary manslaughter.

MURDER…

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8. The THIN SKULL rule. The defendant cannot use the defence that he did not know or
could not know that the victim had a special vulnerability that contributed to his/her death or
injury. The defendant must take the victim as he finds him/her. BLAUE (1975).

9. The DOCTRINE OF…

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VOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER


THE SPECIAL DEFENCES TO MURDER

1) DIMINISHED RESPONSIBILITY
2) PROVOCATION
3) SUICIDE PACT



THE DEFENCE OF DIMINISHED RESPONSIBILITY

The defence of diminished responsibility was introduced by the Homicide Act 1957 as a partial
defence to the charge of murder. It was introduced because the defence of insanity was…

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different from that of ordinary human beings that the reasonable man would take it as abnormal.'
In R v Byrne (1960), the court accepted that Byrne's sexual psychopathy was an abnormality
of mind that substantially impaired the defendant's mental responsibility for his act and the court
accepted his defence of…

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substituted voluntary manslaughter for murder on the grounds that the defendant's
depression had already established his `abnormality of mind' and hence diminished
responsibility.



THE DEFENCE OF PROVOCATION

There are three special defences to the charge of murder. These defences are: provocation,
diminished responsibility and suicide pact. These defences were introduced…

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provocation. Mrs Thornton's charge was reduced to voluntary manslaughter in 1996 and she
was released.

Therefore, the jury may accept the final act of provocation before the fatal assault was `the last
straw' in a series of provocative attacks that culminated in the homicide. This is especially likely
in `battered…

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The significance of Holley (2005) is that alcoholism will NOT be regarded as a characteristic
that can be taken into consideration when provocation is alleged.

This confirms Camplin (1978) that while age and sex can be taken into consideration when
deciding whether the defendant behaved with the ordinary level of…

Comments

rumzan

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nice


Smith E

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A long resource but worth working through. Compare and contrast against your own notes and determine what you are missing. Note that the section on insanity is now outdated but the cases still stand for illustrative purposes. 

Olivia-Amy

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Thanks for this! Got to do some research on murder and this really helped.

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