Approaches - Psychodynamic - Freud's Approach to Personality Structure and Dynamics

Freud's approach to personality structure and dynamics - psychodynamic 

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Freud's approach to personality structure and dynamics
Sigmund Freud
We are animals, driven by biological motives
The emergence of society requires us to bring our animal impulses under control
This approach is psychology involves understanding how instincts are channelled to produce
civilised behaviour ­ and what can go wrong with this process
Freud considered the `personality' to be composed of 3 major systems: id, ego, superego
Id ­ this is the most primitive, unconscious part of the mind in Freud's theory of personality. It
operates according to the pleasure principle. The sex (life) and aggressive (death) instincts originate
in the id.
Ego ­ in Freud's structure of personality, this operates according to the reality principle at both the
conscious and unconscious level. The ego employs defence mechanisms to help deal with internal
conflicts.
Superego ­ in Freud's structure of the personality, this is made up of the conscious and unconscious.
In Freudian theory, this develops as a result of the Oedipus complex.
Defence mechanisms ­ these operate at the unconscious level and help deal with inner conflicts
between the id, ego and superego

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