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Anthology for English Lit

Havisham
CONTEXT: character from Dickens' Great Expectations, Carol Ann Duffy= man-hater?
/feminist
TONE:
Violent, aggressive
Negative semantic field
Bitter
THEMES:
Failed relationship
Self-pity
Historical/fictional woman's view who wasn't heard
Unnatural, manmade
METHODS
One word sentences
First line significant ­ first three words: paradox/ oxymoron
Depersonisation
Sounds:…

Page 2

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METHODS
Irony ­ opposite of Elvis ­ references to Elvis
Symbolism ­ e.g.:
shoes: blue suede shoes for a different purpose! (but still has them...)
the sister: holy, good, opposite of rock n roll
STRUCTURE/FORM
Free verse
enjambrement: talking to us, abour her life:
one word sentence: `lawdy'

Anne Hathaway…

Page 3

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references to Biblical context (Biblical names ­ disciples - +"lamb to the slaughter"[=Jesus])
references to modern/ contemporary readers ­ timeless message? ­ relevance to modern reader
view of historical woman ­ represents more?
Not a well worked relationship (in first sense) ­ how does it compare with Havisham's?
METHODS
black…

Page 4

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Memories of the adult child ­ declared wrong!
Adult child's viewpoint
Relationship between parents and child (ruined life? ­ "Hell")
Relevance to modern reader: parents worried that their children will accuse them for not giving
them a better childhood OR covering up child abuse?
Appearance vs. Reality
METHOD
Short sentences:…

Page 5

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Growing up ­ changes things
independence
Shared memories ­ they do it together, tells mother `measurements'
METHOD
Extended metaphor ­ the tape: years going past
Metaphors: anchor, kite
One word sentences
STRUCTURE/FORM
Crisp, short poem to be said in 20 minutes (Book of Matches)
Irregular rhyme scheme, structure, but some…

Page 6

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"father figure" ­ comparison with father figures in other poems
METHODS:
Lists of colours, body parts, clothing parts
Imagery, metaphors ­ symbolism
Clichés e.g.: "make a proper fist of it"­ clichés, like the argument between her and parents?
STRUCTURE/FORM:
Written in second person ­ introduces first person who is talking…

Page 7

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"real boy wonder" ­ Pinoccio, realboy, old man makes him because he wants a son
METHOD
First three words: "Batman, big shot": `b's aggressive, alliteration, Americanism, sarcasm
Aggressive verbs: ditched, scotched ­ alliteration
Lists (again) says thing more than one way ­ repetition
Ambiguous words ­ "scotched": through away+ suggests…

Page 8

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"I've made out a will; I'm leaving myself"
CONTEXT: From the Book of Matches
TONE:
Humorous, comical poem tone
THEMES:
Organ donor ­ a will making sure
Soul is in the heart?
Message=the body is just a mechanism, the important things in life are the ones that the heart
symbolises,…

Page 9

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Short sentences at first, longer sentences during murder, back to normal after
Enjambrement throughout, no structure to his life?

One my first Sonne
CONTEXT: Ben Jonson's son died
TONE:
Loving, tender poem
Nostalgic?
THEMES:
Father-son relationship ­ doesn't want to be father any more
Love his son too much=sin?
Death…

Page 10

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The Affliction of Margaret
CONEXT: In his own arrangement of his poems, Wordsworth includes it among "Poems
founded on the affections" ­ written to portray/describe affection
TONE:
Mournful
Loving to the point of obsession
THEMES:
Relationship between mother and son (=Deity/God? Punishment from God, taken away? OR, son is
property…

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