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What is learning?
· Learning is: "a process by which experience
produces a relatively enduring and adaptive change
in an organism's capacity for behaviour" PASSER
ET AL 2008
· Can studying animal behaviour teach us more about
· Ethically sound? Do they learn in the same way?
Can they be taught everything we can? How much
are they naturally capable of?…read more

Slide 3

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The Nature of simple
learning…read more

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· Learning to make an
association between
two events
· For example if you
see a red light you will
brake because you
learn to associate the
red light with stopping.…read more

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· Pavlov the Russian psychologist experimented using
dogs and their salivation reaction to food in order to
test whether the response of salivation could be
paired with something other than food. He rang a bell
before the food was presented to the digs and after
repetition the dogs learnt to associate the ringing of
the bell with food coming and thus salivated.
Eventually the dogs salivated when they heard the
bell because they had learnt that one condition
meant another and so they displayed the reaction
you would normally have with the food even though
the food was not presented yet.…read more

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· In order for a neutral stimulus to become a reliable
Condition Stimulus it must be paired at the correct
time and in the correct sequential order in relation to
the UnConditioned Stimulus.…read more

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