Unit 3

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  • Unit 3 - Child Psychology
    • Topic 1 - Intelligence
      • Inteligence (g)
        • Spearman (1904)
      • gf and gc - fluid intelligence and crystallised intelligence
        • Horn and Catell (1967)
      • Multiple Intelligence (MI)
        • Gardner (1983)
      • Genetic Heritability
        • Twin Studies, Adoption Studies, Family studies and Genetic testing
      • KEY RESEARCH: Van Leeuwen et al (2008) - evidence for the biological basis of intelligence
      • A method of testing intelligence - Ravens Progressive Matrices
        • Ravens standard - 7-18 yr olds
        • Ravens advanced - 18+
        • Colour Progressive Matrices - 4-7, elderly, mental and physical difficulties
    • Topic 2 - Pre-adult brain development
      • The Brain
        • Cerebral Cortex
          • Frontal Lobe - cognition
          • Temporal Lobe - Auditory
          • Parietal Lobe - Sensory Information
          • Occipital Lobe - Vision
        • Limbic System
          • Amygdala
          • Hippocampus
        • Basil Ganglia
        • Prefrontal Cortex
        • Cropus Callosum
        • Ventral straitum
      • How does the brain develop?
      • Impact of brain development on risk taking
      • Key Research: Barkley-Levenson and Galvan (2014) - calculating expected value
      • A method to reduce risk taking behavior
        • Pablo - The drug mule dog = ineffective
        • Dangerous driving = effective
    • Topic 3 - Perceptual Development
      • Preferential Looking Method
      • Habituation Method
      • Studying perception in animals
      • Depth Perception
        • Binocular Cues
          • Retinal Disparity
            • Bower et al (1970)
        • Monocular Cues
          • Motion Parallax
            • Gibson and Walk (1970)
            • Granrud and Yonas (1984)
          • Relative Size
            • Slater et al (1990)
            • Gibson and Walk (1960)
      • Key Research: Gibson and Walk (1960) - evidence for perceptual development
        • Animal experiments were also included
      • A method of developing perception in young children
        • Sensory integrative therapy
          • Effectiveness
    • Topic 4 - Cognitive development and education
      • Piaget's theory of cognitive development
        • Concrete Operational - 7 to 11 yrs old
        • Preoperational - 2 to 7 yrs old
        • Formal Operational - 11 yrs old and above
        • Sensoritmotor - birth to 2 yrs old
      • Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development
        • MKO more knowledgeable other
        • Zone of Proximal development
        • Scaffolding
      • Key research: Wood et al - the role of tutoring in problem solving
      • Features of Scaffolding
        • Demonstration
        • Frustration Control
        • Direction Maintenance
        • Marking critical features
        • Reduction in degees of freedom
        • Recruitment
      • A strategy to improve learning or revision
        • Method of loci
    • Topic 5 - development of attchment
      • Classical Conditioning
        • Harlows Monkeys (1958) and (1965)
        • Lorenz (1935)
      • Evolutionary theory of attachment - Bowlby
        • Internal Working Model
        • Critical Period
        • Social Releasers
        • Monotropy
      • Types of Attachment
        • Insecure Avoidant
        • Insecure Ambivalent
        • Secure Attachment
        • Insecure Disorganised
      • Failure to attach
        • Bowlby (1951)
        • Harlow (1965)
      • Key Research: Ainsworth and Bell (1970) - attachment, exploration and seperation
      • A stratedgy to develop an attachment in a friendly environment
        • Day Care
          • Ronald Mcdonalds House Charities
    • Topic 6 - Impact of advertising on children
      • Advertising
        • Jhally (1995)
      • Cultural resorce
        • Alexander and Morrison (1995)
      • Gender Imaging
      • Key Research: Johnson and Young (2002) - gender roles in advertising
      • Method to reduce stereotyping
        • Media Literacy
        • Ethical Concerns

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This is a general overview of Child Psychology in Unit 3 of OCR psychology

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