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What is the significance of THE PRISONERS?
· The prisoners symbolise us. We have the
lowest level of understanding (eikasia) which
we means that we only know about the world
of appearances and do not want to
understand the world of the Forms.
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Slide 3

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What is the significance of THE SHADOWS?
· The shadows are imperfect copies of the
Forms. The prisoners believe that these
shadows are the only reality.
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Slide 4

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What is the significance of THE CAVE?
· The cave represents people who believe that
knowledge comes from what we see and hear
in the world ­ empirical evidence. The cave
shows that our empirical knowledge is flawed.
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Slide 5

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What is the significance of THE OUTSIDE WORLD?
· The outside world represents the world of
Forms, where the true forms of beauty are
found.
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Slide 6

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What is the significance of THE SUN?
· The sun symbolises true knowledge and the
Form of the Good. The world depends on the
sun for existence, the source of all light,
reflections and shadows.
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