all the dates for the usa 1945-1970

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Dates ­ USA `A Divided Union'
KEY TOPIC 1:
Impact of the Cold War
1945 - US atom bomb tested successfully
1949 - Soviet atom bomb successfully tested
1949 ­ Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland and Czechoslovakia all become one-party communist states
controlled by the Soviet Union
1947 ­ Truman doctrine + Marshall Plan
1948/9 ­ Berlin crisis
1949 ­ North Atlantic Treaty Organization set up (NATO)
1950 ­ Korean war
The development of the Red Scare
March 1947 ­ Federal employee loyalty programme set up (FELP)
1947 ­ Hollywood 10 incident with HUAC
1950 ­ Alger Hiss tried for perjury and sentenced to 5 years in jail
1950 ­ McCarran Internal security act was passed
April 1951 ­ Rosenbergs sentenced to death
Late 1952 ­ Republicans have presidential victory, McCarthy played a big role
1954 ­ McCarthy publicly reprimanded by the Senate for fraud

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Dates ­ USA `A Divided Union'
KEY TOPIC 2:
Progress in Civil Rights
1909 ­ National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People was founded (NAACP)
1941 ­ Philip Randolph organized the March on Washington movement
1941 ­ Roosevelt set up Fair Employment Practices Commission to prevent discrimination at work
1942 ­ Congress of racial equality founded by James Farmer (CORE)
21 June 1943 ­ Detroit race riot, 25 blacks dead, 9 whites, more than 700 people injured
Before 1944 ­ Black soldiers not allowed…read more

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The Montgomery Bus Boycott
March 1955 ­ Claudette Colvin arrested for not giving up her seat
1 December 1955 ­ Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus
Monday 5 December 1955 ­ Montgomery Women's Political Council held a one day bus boycott
".............................................…read more

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­ Voter Education Project set up
Dates ­ USA `A Divided Union'
KEY TOPIC 3:
Peace Marches in 1963
3 April 1963 ­ Birmingham March demonstrations began
6 April 1963 ­ some activists were arrested
12 April 1963 ­ King arrested in further demonstrations
20 April 1963 ­ King released from jail
3 May 1963 ­ Chaos in Birmingham due to violent actions of the police
9 May 1963 ­ King and Birmingham city leaders agreed desegregation would take place in the next 90
days…read more

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­ The voting Rights Act
End 1965 ­ 250000 black Americans had registered for the vote
4 April 1968 ­ King assassinate din Memphis, supposedly by James Earl Ray
1968 ­ Nixon became president
Malcolm X and Black power
1960 ­ More than 75% of the Nation of Islam was aged between 17-35
11 August 1965 ­ major riot in Watt district of LA, due to frustration of unemployment by young
Blacks
October 1966 ­ Black Panther movement founded by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale…read more

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Dates ­ USA `A Divided Union'
KEY TOPIC 4:
Reasons for Student Protest
1963 ­ Assassination of Kennedy angered many youths
1964 ­ Start of the wave of strikes and demonstrations
1964 ­ Johnson declared war on North Vietnam and many young Americans had to go to war
1964 + 1965 ­ 27500 students took part in Berkeley's free speech campaigns
1965 ­ Less than 2000 casualties in Vietnam
1968 ­ 14,000 casualties in Vietnam
Key Features of the student movement
1959 ­ Students for…read more

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­ 12 million women in work
1940 ­ Women made up 19% of the work force
1942 ­ Poll showed that 60% of Americans were in favour of women helping with war industries
1945 ­ 18.5 million women in work
1950 ­ Women made up 28.8% of the workforce
1950 ­ 721000 women at university
1960 ­ 1.…read more

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