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This document contains two replacement spreads.
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Replacement for pages 246-247

Changes to specification:
NEW SPREAD: to include stress,
Risk factors in the development of peers, age and personality.
addiction, including self-esteem,
attributions…

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This replaces pages 246-247




RISK FACTORS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ADDICTION
I n the first part of this chapter we considered explanations for how addictive behaviour is initiated
and maintained, and why relapse may occur. Alongside these explanations is the question of why
some people are more vulnerable to addiction…

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BAD SCIENCE poker because gamblers become so wrapped up in the thrill of their
poker game that they forget about external stresses and direct their
Gambling, especially online gambling, is big business. So it is not mind toward other thought processes.
surprising that a number of websites concerned with selling…

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This replaces pages 250-251




THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOUR
C hanging or preventing risky or unhealthy
b ehaviour,, such as addiction, has become THE THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOUR (TPB)
a major concern of health professionals
a nd governments alike. One way to Main assumptions
approach change or prevention is to The…

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COMMENTARY
T oo rational ­ The TPB has been criticised as being too rational,
failing to take into account emotions, compulsions or other irrational
determinants of human behaviour (Armitage et al., 1999). When
filling out a questionnaire about attitudes and intention, people may
find it impossible to anticipate the strong…

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New references

Action, G.S. (2003). Measurement of Impulsivity in a Hierarchical Model of Personality Traits: Implications for
Substance Use. Substance Use & Misuse, 38, 67-83.
Belin, D., Mar, A.C., Dalley, J.W., Robbins, T.W. and Everitt, B.J. (2008). High impulsivity predicts the switch to
compulsive cocaine-taking. Science, 320(5881),1352-1355.
Buckholtz, J., Treadway,…

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Zuckerman, M. (1983). Sensation seeking and sports. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 4, 285-
293.

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