Models of Addiction- Evaluation

Evaluating the Models of Addiction using IDA's (Issues, debates and approaches) including: Determinism, Scientific evidence, Implications for treatment/Policy, Cause and effect, Individual Differences and Reductionism.

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  • Created on: 02-03-13 13:58
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Evaluating the Models of Addiction
Biological Learning Cognitive
Determinism Deterministic- having the A1 variant of the Deterministic- (OC) being rewarded Deterministic- Theory of Planned
DRD2 gene means you are predisposed to means you will repeat the behaviour Behaviour- perception of
addiction × Not Deterministic- SLT accounts for costs/benefits determines
× Not deterministic- only predisposition, not free will- choice of friendship groups whether you do the behaviour.
everyone with the gene develops an and self-efficacy- whether you Positive Thoughts-will repeat it.
addiction e.g. Comings- 25.9% of normal believe you can repeat the behaviour × Not deterministic- Theory of
popn had the gene but not addicted. and receive the same reward. Planned Behaviour allows for free
will- making own decisions
Scientific Scientific-brain activity/ dopamine levels Scientific-CC uses animal research- Scientific-can be measured
Evidence can be measured objectively highly controlled, outlines process of objectively- Griffiths (1994) -
× Unscientific-technology doesn't allow for how addiction develops e.g. Pavlov's measured thoughts by verbal
complete explanation- "brain changes" in dogs activity-more likely to represent
Neuroadaptation are not specific. Uses × Unscientific-no specific model for automatic thought processes
self-report measures to collect data. addiction, cannot measure/ successfully.
operationalise influence that others × Unscientific- cannot always/ is hard
have on our behaviour in SLT to measure thought processes
Implications for Drugs can be used to increase/decrease Policy- (SLT) not allowing high status Successful Treatments such as CBT
Treatment/Polic levels of neurotransmitters such as role models to give addictive × Long term though processes are
y (increasing) dopamine to treat addiction behaviours a positive high profile so difficult to change- CBT is time
effectively; specific genes could be people are less likely to imitate and consuming and may not be suitable
identified and tested for indicating those repeat them. for everyone.
at risk. Successful treatments such as
× Gene testing is unrealistic- cannot get rid Aversion Therapy (CC) and Token
of gene that gives predisposition and Economy (OC)
considered unethical. × Hard to control influence of
environmental cues/ "unlearn"
× Although treatments are somewhat
successful-reinforcements for

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Evaluating the Models of Addiction
abstinence have been found to be
less effective than for the addictive
Causal Cause- genes cannot be changed; Cause- presence of a person's unique Cause- (Theory of Planned
Explanation therefore, genetics must be a cause not learning experiences explain why Behaviour) planning to engage in
effect of vulnerability to addiction. some are and some are not addicted addictive behaviour after weighing
× Not Cause- biochemical and × Not cause- (CC) association with up the pros/cons.…read more

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Evaluating the Models of Addiction
environmental factors are not taken into taken into account-may not
account- may not provide full explanation. provide full explanation.…read more



All the addictive behaviour notes are FAB! Very concise and in one area, making my own notes easier to make sense of - thank-you :) 

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