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I. Addiction Psychiatry Alcohol Epidemiology: One year prevalence rates of alcohol misuse &

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dependence have been found to be 7 to10%, and one year incidence rates are around 14
­20%. Rates of alcohol misuse and dependence are higher in men compared to women. In the
recent years drinking by women has increased, leading to a change in the drinking ratios of men
and…

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preoccupation with alcohol use to exclusion of pleasurable activities.

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This is based on Edwards and Gross's 7 key features described in 1976. Consequences of alcohol misuse

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include physical, psychological and social. Physical consequences include: Neurological:
Polyneuropathy. Alcoholic myopathy.
Alcohol increases the amount of REM sleep and decreases the amount of stage 4 sleep, hence
alcohol induced sleep may be more disturbed. Cerebellar degeneration, central pontine
myelinolysis, Marchiafava Bignami disease (fits, coma and dementia)
Wernicke's encephalopathy: Is…

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? Infertility ? Testicular atrophy Other: ? Foetal Alcohol syndrome occurs in some children born

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to mothers who drink excessively during pregnancy. Features include facial abnormality, small
stature, low birth weight, low intelligence & overactivity. There is also an excess of stillbirths ?
Accidents Psychiatric/psychological sequelae include: Delirium tremens occurs 2 to 4 days after
cessation or reduction of drinking in a person with chronic…

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Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
I. Addiction Psychiatry Alcohol Epidemiology: One year prevalence rates of alcohol misuse &

Page 2

Preview of page 2
dependence have been found to be 7 to10%, and one year incidence rates are around 14
­20%. Rates of alcohol misuse and dependence are higher in men compared to women. In the
recent years drinking by women has increased, leading to a change in the drinking ratios of men
and…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
preoccupation with alcohol use to exclusion of pleasurable activities.

Page 4

Preview of page 4
This is based on Edwards and Gross's 7 key features described in 1976. Consequences of alcohol misuse

Page 5

Preview of page 5
include physical, psychological and social. Physical consequences include: Neurological:
Polyneuropathy. Alcoholic myopathy.
Alcohol increases the amount of REM sleep and decreases the amount of stage 4 sleep, hence
alcohol induced sleep may be more disturbed. Cerebellar degeneration, central pontine
myelinolysis, Marchiafava Bignami disease (fits, coma and dementia)
Wernicke's encephalopathy: Is…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
? Infertility ? Testicular atrophy Other: ? Foetal Alcohol syndrome occurs in some children born

Page 7

Preview of page 7
to mothers who drink excessively during pregnancy. Features include facial abnormality, small
stature, low birth weight, low intelligence & overactivity. There is also an excess of stillbirths ?
Accidents Psychiatric/psychological sequelae include: Delirium tremens occurs 2 to 4 days after
cessation or reduction of drinking in a person with chronic…

Comments

No comments have yet been made