A Christmas Carol Key Notes & Author Overview

A PDF document giving a general overview of they key events in each stave of 'A Christmas Carol', including some background information on the author. 

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A Christmas Carol:
Stave 1
We are told that Marley, Scrooge's business partner is dead.
Scrooge's character: Page 2, Paragraph 2 "Oh, but he was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone,
Scrooge! A squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching covetous old sinner! Hard and sharp
as flint, from which no steel had struck out generous fire; secret and self-contained, solitary as an
- Pointed nose, shrivelled cheeks, stiff gait, grating voice, red eyes and thin blue lips. He
carried a cold temperature (Literally, e.g. little coal on the fire but also cold hearted)
The above quote shows as a direct quote from the book exactly what Scrooges demeanour and
personality are. It is contained within the very first pages of the book which suggests to me that the
author want's to point out exactly what the character is going to be like.
Main points of stave 1:
- We learn of Scrooge's counting house.
- We meet Scrooge's nephew Fred, who is full of Christmas cheer much to Scrooge's dismay.
- We meet the charity men; Scrooge tells that he will not donate.
"Workhouses and prisons are where the poor should be"
- Briefly meet Bob Cratchit who is made to feel guilty for having Christmas day off.
- When he shuts up the counting house the weather turns to fog.
- Scrooge returns home.
- The door knocker changes into the face of Jacob Marley.
- Marley's ghost visits Scrooge but he won't allow himself to believe it.
- He warns Scrooge that he should change his ways and informs him that three spirits will visit
him in the coming nights.
- Scrooge sees people that he has known as phantoms, and then goes to bed.
Main points of stave 2:
- Scrooge is visited by the ghost of Christmas past.
- The ghost takes Scrooge back to his childhood town and Scrooge views himself alone at
school on Christmas.
- He also views a different scene where his sister comes to collects him at Christmas telling
him his father is much kinder these days.
- Scrooge sees himself as an apprentice, he's happy.
- Scrooge spends Christmas with the Fezziwig's.
- The Fezziwig's Christmas's were always joyful.

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Fezziwig was good to his workers.
- Scrooge's girlfriend broke up with him because he was to into his work.
- Scrooge sees Belle with her family, children and husband and wishes it was him with a
- Scrooge sees that his sister is dead (Fran).
- Fran left behind a son (Fred).
- He then blows the ghost (getting rid of it).…read more

Page 3

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I yet may change these shadows you have shown me..." "I will honour Christmas in my
heart and keep it all the year, I will live in the past the present and the future and the spirits
of all three within me. I will not shut out the lessons they teach."
In this stave Scrooge views what might happen to him in the future and is finally convinced that he
must change, for his sake and others.…read more


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