- Oedipus outside of his palace - sense of power and regal authority
- "Oh my children" - How he views the chorus/audience/Thebes
- "The world knows my fame: I am Oedipus" - Confident in his own abilities as saviour from the Sphinx
- Priest confirms that the city is 'dying' due to plague
- "You cannot equal the Gods" - Oedipus' hubristic sense of majesty
- Oedipus has sent Creon to the Delphi Oracle to learn how he can 'save our city' - inclusive pronoun?
- Creon's message: "Drive the corruption from your land (...) root it out!" - DRAMATIC IRONY
- Brings about the murder of Laius - Oedipus is outraged by their lack of finding the murderers - is he scared about regicide?
- Dramatic Irony: "whoever kill the king may decide to kill me too, with the same violent hand"
- The palace at night - Females outside the house should not be there: thus showing unsettling nature of both Antigone and Ismene
- "My own flesh and blood" - Importance of family stated by the first line of the play and of Antigone's dialogue
- "A double blow" - Ismene and Antigone have lost both Polynikes and Etoecles, lack of family.
- Lack of burial has 'disgraced' their family - importance of Burial in the Greek World and woman's job to do the burying, stripped off a sense of kleos
- "Stoning to death inside the city walls" - Antigone has heard Creon's edict of anyone that tries to bury the body - does it anyway!
- Link to the doomed line of Oedipus - 'reputation in ruins'
- Ismene is aware of the consequences and the importance of family as she knows that they are 'left so alone'
- "Remember we are women, we're not born to content with men" - Ismene is the archetypal Greek woman
- Antigone wants Kleos - "Even if I die in the act, the death will be a glory" and "Dear God, shout it from the rooftops"
- Antigone's pride makes her 'hate' the only remaining immediate family she has!
- Starts with a lower class character on stage - typical to Euripides plays
- Nurse acts as expositional device for the Medea/Jason myth.
- "Her heart unhinged" - Was Medea crazed in love from the very start for Jason?
- Signifies the importance of 'oaths' through the Nurse's voice of Medea
- Foreshadows the ending - "she hates her children"
- Tutor enters with children; mentions Creon's intentions
- Nurse states her opinion about Jason. Interesting because she is inferior but it willing to voice a negative outlook. "Curse him - but no, he is my master"
- Medea cries and sings off stage showing how 'wretched' she is - an impression of anguish from her initial portrayal
- Medea even curses her children off stage! Foreshadowing - "May you die with your father"
- Nurse acts as a motherly figure to the children, "how I grieve for you in my fear that some suffering may await you"
- Chorus enter with Medea still chanting off stage - big reveal later on?
- Aphrodite enters on the Skene - typical to Greek theatre. However, it was typical that a lower class character introduced the prologue in Euripides' plays. Surprising perception
- "Those who are arrogant to me, I cast down" - Sets up Hippolytus to have this characteristic before we even meet him
- "He spends all of him time (...) with the virgin goddess" - Is she jealous of Hippolytus' relationship with Artemis even if it is a platonic one?
- Takes 'revenge' on Hippolytus just as Artemis will take 'revenge' upon one of Aphrodite's favourites later in the play
- Establishes exposition - Theseus' exile (key theme of Miasma) and sets up her meddling in Phaedra's life
- She says that she will reveal to Theseus of Phaedra's lust - but she doesn't! Inconsistencies in her character/plot
- Phaedra 'must die' - FATED! Key theme
- Aphrodite is selfish, Phaedra's life is a 'secondary consideration' to her
- Hippolytus enters with a chorus of servants and garlands the statue of Artemis but not Aphrodite - hubris
- Hippolytus' lengthy monologue about the importance of virginity - "it is not proper for base men to do so" - to not respect chastity - Unsettling? Still a boy!
- Servant has to prompt him about his hubris and Hippolytus cements his hubris by believing that he needs to 'greet her from a distance' and no god who uses the night to work her wonders finds favour with me."