changing position of women -

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  • Women's Public Lives
    • Politcal System
      • involvement in local governments
      • 1869 Municpal Franchise Act -unmarried ratepayers to vote in municipal elections
      • 1894 - Local Government Act -married women vote/stand in local elections
        • assumption it would stop larger campaigns
    • Education
      • Education Act 1870 - women ratepayers allowed to vote for and serve on the new school boards
        • Before - Churches, dame schools, charities provided education. lower classes missed out
          • 1833 Factory Act - owners had to give a few hours of schooling each day
      • Lower Class
        • some able to go toschools on scholarships, after compulsory education more attended but stopped after primary eduction as they needed to work
      • Girls' Public  Day Schools Trust
      • 1880- Mundella's Act - attendance compulsory age 5-10
        • 1891 - education in primary free
      • 1902 Education/ Balfour's Act - Conservatives, abolished school boards, set up coutry authorities
      • Middle/Upper Class- governess, reflected angel in the house/wife
    • Suffrage Campaigns
      • NUWSS- 1897 - combined existing societies
        • Millicent Fawcett
        • Lydia Becker
      • WSPU - 1903
        • Pankhursts
        • Pethwick-Lawrences
        • Annie Kenny
    • Helping the Poor
      • Poor Law Boards from 1875 - first women elected to serve on Poor Law Boards as guardians of the poor
      • Workhouse Visitng Society1859
        • 1850 -unofficial opening of some workhouses to visitors
        • 1857 - formally recognised
        • 1859 - visiting nationally organised - due to Louisa Twinnig (spearhead of committee for workhouse reforms)
  • Dorothea Beale - Cheltenham Ladies College - model for other schools
    • Middle/Upper Class- governess, reflected angel in the house/wife

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