The changing position of women - Early years 1860 - 1900

Mind Map of some of the early laws introduced affecting women during the birth of feminism.

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  • Early years - changing position of women.    1860 - 1900
    • Education
      • 1870: Education Act sets up enough board schools for every child to have access to an elementary education.
      • 1891: Elementary Education made compulsory up to the age of twelve.
      • 1893: School leaving age fixed at eleven.
      • 1899: School leaving age raised to twelve.
      • 1870 Education Act allows women ratepayers to vote for, and serve on, the new school boards.
      • 1880: Mundella's act made education compulsory for children under thirteen.
    • Marriage, Divorce & Children
      • 1870: First Married Woman's Property Act.
      • 1873: Second Custody of Infants Act.
      • 1882: Second Married Woman's Property Act.
      • 1886: Married Women Act.
      • 1886: Guardianship of Infants Act.
    • Suffrage
      • 1867: Reform Act gave the vote to working-class men in towns.
      • 1884: Reform Act gave the vote to two men in every three.
      • 1869: Municipal Franchise Act allows unmarried women ratepayers to vote in municipal elections.
      • 1894: Local Government Act gave married women the right to vote in local elections.
    • Work
      • 1882: Invention of the typewriter sees growth in shorthand and typewriting jobs for women.
      • 1891: Census records that women make up 59% of the workforce in the clothing trade.
      • 1875: First women elected to serve on Poor Law Boards as guardians of the poor.
      • Elizabeth Garrett Anderson becomes first woman on the Medical Register.
      • 1867 Agricultural Gangs Act bans employment of young girls.
      • 1893 Women allowed to become Factory inspectors.
      • 1875: Women make up more than 50% of all elementary school teachers.
    • Women's independence and social position.
      • 1884: Women acquire independent legal status.
      • 1864: First Contagious Diseases Act.
      • 1866: Second Contagious Diseases Act
      • 1969: Third Contagious Diseases Act.
      • Suffrage societies
        • 1869: Josephine Butler forms the Ladies National Association.
        • 1881: First women's liberal association formed in Bristol
      • 1883: Contagious diseases act suspended
      • 1885: Age of consent raised from thirteen to sixteen.
      • 1886: Repeal of Contagious Diseases Act.
    • Key Players
      • The Jackson Case: a man cannot compel his wife to live with him.
      • Caroline Norton
      • Josephine Butler
    • Political parties
      • Conservative
        • 1883: The Primrose League established
      • Liberal
        • 1887: Women's Liberal Foundation established.

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