Wikstrom and Tafel

Turning to Crime G543

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  • Created by: jade
  • Created on: 17-04-13 17:19
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  • Wikstrom and Tafel - Peterborough Youth Study
    • A cross sectional longitudinal study
      • Pilot Study done in Cambridge
      • Chance to win £15 music token
      • 2000 year 10 students aged 14 to 15
      • Data collected from official records and Self Report
        • A certain length of time to provide accurate accounts
  • A cross sectional longitudinal study
    • Pilot Study done in Cambridge
    • Chance to win £15 music token
    • 2000 year 10 students aged 14 to 15
    • Data collected from official records and Self Report
      • A certain length of time to provide accurate accounts
  • Results
    • 44.8% of males and 30.6% of females have commited a crime
    • Wikstrom and Tafel - Peterborough Youth Study
    • 9.8% of males and 3.8% of females have committed a serious crime
      • Results
        • 44.8% of males and 30.6% of females have commited a crime
    • High Frequency offenders tend to commit wide ranging crimes
      • 1 in 8 offenders caught by police in last crime
        • Explanatory Factors
          • Social Position
          • Week Morality
        • Individual Characteristics
          • Explanatory Factors
            • Social Position
            • Week Morality
        • Weak Family and School bonds
          • Poor Self Control
            • Conclusions - presence of 3 groups
              • Propensity induced - Individual Characteristics
              • Lifestyle Dependent - mostly situation factors
            • Propensity induced - Individual Characteristics
            • Smallest yer offends the most
              • Lifestyle Dependent - mostly situation factors
              • Situationally Limited - only offend when exposed to high risks
                • Conclusions - presence of 3 groups
                • Holistic methods - multiple reasons
                  • Reductionist however as only looked at those in poverty
                    • Holistic methods - multiple reasons
                    • 25% of children in Peterborough 2001 lived below the poverty line
                      • Reductionist however as only looked at those in poverty
                      • Social Desirability - only crimes that were recorded can be checked
                        • Ethnocentric
                          • Large sample size -  can be generalized
                            • High Mundane Realism
                              • Large sample size -  can be generalized
                              • High Ecological Validity
                                • Increased  reliability
                                  • Quantitative Data  - easy to analyse
                                    • 9.8% of males and 3.8% of females have committed a serious crime
                                    • Bandura - Social Learning Theory
                                      • Yochelson and Samenow - NGRI
                                        • Individual Characteristics

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